Numerous ideologies were developed to justify the enslavement of Africans

Numerous ideologies were developed to justify the enslavement of Africans

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• Numerous ideologies were developed to justify the enslavement of Africans. Slaves were viewed like children that needed the guidance of their white slave owners to survive. Africans were also described as “subhuman” in order to legitimate their enslavement. • Further, a slaveholder wanting to do “God’s work on Earth” would encourage the slave church, finding it functional in dominating the slaves. The Christianity to which the slaves were introduced stressed obeying their owner. Complete surrender to Whites meant salvation and eternal happiness in the afterlife. In contrast, to question God’s will, to fight slavery, caused everlasting damnation. • Antislavery advocates, or abolitionists , included both Whites and free Blacks. Many Whites who opposed slavery (e.g., Abraham Lincoln) did not believe in racial equality even though
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Unformatted text preview: slavery was seen as a moral evil. • Antislavery societies had been founded even before the American Revolution, but the Constitution dealt the antislavery movement a blow. The framers of the Constitution recognized and legitimized slavery’s existence. The Constitution allowed slavery to increase Southern political power by counting a slave as three-fifths of a person in determining population representation in the House of Representatives. • On January 1, 1863, President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed slaves in the Confederacy, over which the president had no control. Six months after the surrender of the Confederacy in 1865, abolition became law when the Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery throughout the nation....
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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