Strain theory - society’s Ex Militias Control Theory—...

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Strain theory Anomie – norms are weak, conflicting, or absent. People are uncertain how to act. Strain theory – Deviance is likely when there is a gap between culturally desirable goals and a legitimate way of obtaining them. Responses to strain: 1. Innovation—the individual accepts the goal of success but uses illegal means to achieve it. Most common type of deviant response. 2. Ritualism – Rejection of a legitimate goal, but still uses the legitimate means that one would use to reach that goal. Ex. A burned out teacher who doesn’t care anymore 3. Retreatism – people reject both the goal and the legitimate means. People who have dropped out of society. Bums, drug addicts, bag ladies, Michigan State students (just kidding). 4. Rebellion – people substitute new goals and means for achieving success, and reject
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Unformatted text preview: society’s. Ex. Militias Control Theory— conformity to social norms depends on the presence of strong bonds between individuals and society. If bonds are weak deviance happens. People conform because they do not want to “lose face” with family, friends or classmates. Four components of social bonds: 1. Attachment – the stronger your attachment to groups or individuals the more likely you are to conform. 2. Commitment –the stronger your commitment to social goals the more likely you are to conform. 3. Involvement – Participation in activities increases the probability of conformity. 4. Belief – Belief in the norms and values of society promotes conformity....
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course SCIE SYG2000 taught by Professor Bernhardt during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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