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# Ohm - Ohm's Law In many materials the voltage and...

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Ohm's Law In many materials, the voltage and resistance are connected by Ohm's Law: Ohm's Law : V = IR The connection between voltage and resistance can be more complicated in some materials.These materials are called non-ohmic. We'll focus mainly on ohmic materials for now, those obeying Ohm's Law. Example A copper wire has a length of 160 m and a diameter of 1.00 mm. If the wire is connected to a 1.5-volt battery, how much current flows through the wire? The current can be found from Ohm's Law, V = IR. The V is the battery voltage, so if R can be determined then the current can be calculated. The first step, then, is to find the resistance of the wire: L is the length, 1.60 m. The resistivity can be found from the table on page 535 in the textbook. The area is the cross-sectional area of the wire. This can be calculated using: The resistance of the wire is then: The current can now be found from Ohm's Law: I = V / R = 1.5 / 3.5 = 0.428 A Electric power Power is the rate at which work is done. It has units of Watts. 1 W = 1 J/s

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