The periodic table

The periodic table - these elements do not react readily On...

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The periodic table When Mendeleev organized the elements into the periodic table, he knew nothing about quantum numbers and subshells. The way the elements are organized in the periodic table, however, is directly related to how the electrons fill the levels in the different shells. Different columns of the periodic table group elements with similar properties; they have similar properties because of the similarities between their ground state electron configurations. The noble gases (He, Ne, Ar, etc.) are all in the right-most column of the periodic table. Their ground state configurations have no partially filled subshells; having a complete subshell is favorable from the standpoint of minimizing energy so
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Unformatted text preview: these elements do not react readily. On the other hand, the column next to the noble gases is the halogens; these are one electron short of having completely-filled subshells, so if they can share an electron from another element they're happy to do so. They react readily with elements whose ground state configurations have a single electron in one subshell like the alkali metals (Li, Na, K, etc.). WebElements is a nice web-based periodic table, having all sorts of useful information about different elements. Click on the icon below to check it out....
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course PHY PHY2053 taught by Professor Davidjudd during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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