Abdominal Aorta The branches of the abdominal aorta may be divided into three sets: the visceral branches, which supply the organs in the abdomen, renals, testicles and ovaries; the parietal branches, which supply the diaphragm from below and the posterior abdominal walls; and the terminal branches, which descend to supply the organs of the pelvis, the pelvic wall and the paired common iliacs which supply the lower extremities. Cephalic Vein The cephalic vein runs up the lateral side of the arm from the hand to the shoulder. In the shoulder, it pierces the tissues and empties into the axillary vein. After the cephalic vein joins the axillary vein, it becomes the "subclavian vein," and then empties into the superior vena cava. In the bend of the elbow, a "medial cubital vein" rises from the cephalic vein and crosses over to the basilic vein. This is the vein that is commonly used for blood samples or to add fluids into the body. Anterior Tibial Artery
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