Condyles of The Humerus

Condyles of The Humerus - Condyles of The Humerus At the...

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Condyles of The Humerus At the lower end of the humerus (upper arm bone) and the femur, there are two smooth condyles (rounded processes of the bone): a knob-like "capitulum" on the lateral side and a pulley-shaped "trochlea" in the middle. The capitulum unites with the radius (smaller lower arm bone) at the elbow, and the trochlea is a notch which joins ligaments to the head of the ulna (larger lower arm bone). Above the condyles on either side are "epicondyles," which provide attachments for muscles and ligaments of the elbow. The one toward the center of the arm is the "medial epicondyle," and the one to the side is the "lateral epicondyle." Capsule of The Shoulder Joint A "capsule" is a membrane or sac enclosing a body part, usually a joint. "Capsular ligaments" are surrounded and reinforced by muscles tendons, and ligaments, which are largely responsible for keeping the adjoining parts together. The "joint capsule" of the shoulder is attached along the outside ring of the genoid cavity and the anatomical neck of the humerus. Although it completely covers the joint, the capsule is very loose and by itself would be unable to keep the bones of the joint in close contact without the aid of the fibers around it. The joint capsule of the elbow has sides which are thickened by ulnar and radial collateral ligaments. The front surface of the capsule is reinforced by fibers from a muscle (brachialis) in the upper arm. Clavicle
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course BSC BSC1085 taught by Professor Sharonsimpson during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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Condyles of The Humerus - Condyles of The Humerus At the...

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