Projections that are sites of muscle and ligament attachment: Tuberosity: large rounded projection Crest: narrow ridge of bone, usually prominent Trochanter: very large, blunt, irregularly shaped process Tubercle: small rounded projection or process Epicondyle: raised area on or above a condyle Spine: sharp, slender, often pointed projection Projections that help form joints: Head: bony expansion carried on a narrow neck Condyle: rounded articular projection Ramus: armlike bar of bone Depressions and openings: Meatus: canal-like passageway Sinus: cavity within a bone, filled with air and lined with mucous membrane Fossa: shallow basinlike depression in a bone often serving as an articular surface Fissure: narrow, slitlike opening Foramen: round or oval opening through a bone Types of fractures: simple - bone breaks cleanly, does not penetrate the skin compound - broken ends of bone protrude through skin comminuted - bone fragments into many pieces compression - bone is crushed depressed - broken bone portion is pressed inward
This is the end of the preview. Sign up
access the rest of the document.
This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course BSC BSC1085 taught by Professor Sharonsimpson during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.