THE HUMAN BODY - THE HUMAN BODY: AN ORIENTATION Three...

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THE HUMAN BODY: AN ORIENTATION Three essential concepts will form the basis of our study and will unify the various sections: 1. Complementarity of structure and function 2. Hierarchy of structural organization 3. Homeostasis Definitions: Anatomy: (Greek "to cut apart") - the study of the form, or structure of body parts and of how these parts relate to one another. Static image. Physiology: the study of the functioning of the body's structural machinery - how the parts of the body work and carry out their life-sustaining activities. Dynamic processes. Anatomy is a broad field with many subdivisions. 1. Gross anatomy: study of large body structures visible to the naked eye. a. Regional anatomy: all structures in one part of the body are studied at the same time. b. Systemic anatomy: various systems of the body are studied. 2. Microscopic anatomy: examination of body tissues using a microscope a. Cytology: study of the cells of the body b. Histology: study of the tissues of the body 3. Other subdivisions:
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THE HUMAN BODY - THE HUMAN BODY: AN ORIENTATION Three...

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