Acids and Bases - AcidsandBases

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Acids and Bases With our understanding of strong, weak, and non-electrolytes we can now examine the  Arrhenius Definition of Acids and Bases: Acids: Substance that produces H +  ions when it is dissolved in H 2 O. Bases: Substance that produces OH -  ions when it is dissolved in H 2 O. For example, HCl is an acid, and NaOH is a base, Acids and Bases that are strong electrolytes are called  Strong Acids  and  Strong Bases respectively. Acids and Bases that are weak electrolytes are called  Weak Acids  and  Weak  Bases , respectively. Strong Acids HCl is an example of a strong acid: HCl (aq)    H + (aq)  + Cl - (aq) Other examples include HBr, HI, HClO 4 , HClO 3 , H 2 SO 4 , and HNO 3 . Weak Acids
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HF is an example of a weak acid: Other examples include HC 2 H 3 O 2 , H 2 CO 3 , H 2 SO 3 , H 3 PO 3 , and H 3 PO 4 . The last four are  examples of  polyprotic acids
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Acids and Bases - AcidsandBases

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