Cell Movement - short cylinders with a 9 + 0 pattern of...

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Cell Movement Intermediate filaments are between eight and eleven nm in diameter. They are between actin filaments and microtubules in size. The intermediate fibers are rope-like assemblies of fibrous polypeptides. Some of them support the nuclear envelope, while others support the plasma membrane, form cell-to-cell junctions. Microtubules are small hollow cylinders (25 nm in diameter and from 200 nm-25 µm in length). These microtubules are composed of a globular protein tubulin. Assembly brings the two types of tubulin (alpha and beta) together as dimers, which arrange themselves in rows. In animal cells and most protists, a structure known as a centrosome occurs. The centrosome contains two centrioles lying at right angles to each other. Centrioles are
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Unformatted text preview: short cylinders with a 9 + 0 pattern of microtubule triplets. Centrioles serve as basal bodies for cilia and flagella. Plant and fungal cells have a structure equivalent to a centrosome, although it does not contain centrioles. Cilia are short, usually numerous, hairlike projections that can move in an undulating fashion (e.g., the protzoan Paramecium , the cells lining the human upper respiratory tract). Flagella are longer, usually fewer in number, projections that move in whip-like fashion (e.g., sperm cells). Cilia and flagella are similar except for length, cilia being much shorter....
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