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Electronic Structure of Atoms - The number of complete...

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Electronic Structure of Atoms The Wave Nature of Light Electrons hold the key to understanding why substances behave as they do. When atoms react it is their outer pars, their electrons, that interact . We refer to the arrangements of electrons in atoms as their electronic structure . Number of electrons Where they can be found The energies they possess Be warned!: electrons to not behave like anything we are familiar with in the macroscopic world The Wave Nature of Light Much of our present understanding of the electronic structure of atoms has come from analysis of the light emitted or absorbed by substances Electromagnetic radiation Carries energy through space (also known as radiant energy) Includes visible light, dental x-rays, radio waves, heat radiation from a fireplace Share certain fundamental characteristics All move through a vacuum at 3.00 x 10 8 m/s ("speed of light") Have "wave-like" characteristics
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Unformatted text preview: The number of complete wavelengths, or cycles , that pass a given point in 1 second is the frequency of the wave (frequency=cycles/second) Electromagnetic radiation has both electric and magnetic properties. The wave-like property of electromagnetic radiation is due to the periodic oscillations of these components. We can assign a frequency and a wavelength to electromagnetic radiation Because all electromagnetic radiation moves at the same speed (speed of light) wavelength and frequency are related • If the wavelength is long , there will be fewer cycles passing a given point per second, thus the frequency will be low • If the wavelength is short , there will be more cycles passing a given point per second, and the frequency will be high • Thus, there is an inverse relationship between wavelength and frequency • ( frequency [nu] * wavelength[lambda] ) is a constant ( c )...
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