{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Naming Covalent Compounds - For example for CO the name...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Naming Covalent Compounds Naming Binary Covalent Compounds When a pair of elements form more than one type of  covalent compound , Greek prefixes  are used to indicate how many of each element are in a compound. For example: Compound Name N 2 O dinitrogen monoxide NO nitrogen monoxide N 2 O 3 dinitrogen trioxide N 2 O 5 dinitrogen pentoxide Some of the Greek prefixes are given in the table below: Prefix Number of Particular Element mono 1 di 2 tri 3 tetra 4 penta 5 hexa 6 hepta 7 octa 8
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Rules for Binary Covalent Compounds 1. The prefix  mono  is never used for naming the first element of a compound. 2. The final o or a of a prefix is often dropped when the element begins with a vowel.
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: For example, for CO the name will be carbon monoxide, and the final o of mono is dropped. Remember, it's only the final o or a. So, the name of ClO 2 will be chlorine dioxide, and no vowels are dropped. How do you know which element goes first? The element that comes first in the following list "goes" first. B, Si, C, Sb, As, P, N, H, Te, Se, S, I, Br, Cl, O, F Finally, H 2 O, which according to the rules should be called dihydrogen monoxide is always called water, and NH 3 , or nitrogen trihydride, is always called ammonia....
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern