Naming Covalent Compounds

Naming Covalent Compounds - For example, for CO the name...

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Naming Covalent Compounds Naming Binary Covalent Compounds When a pair of elements form more than one type of  covalent compound , Greek prefixes  are used to indicate how many of each element are in a compound. For example: Compound Name N 2 O dinitrogen monoxide NO nitrogen monoxide N 2 O 3 dinitrogen trioxide N 2 O 5 dinitrogen pentoxide Some of the Greek prefixes are given in the table below: Prefix Number of Particular Element mono 1 di 2 tri 3 tetra 4 penta 5 hexa 6 hepta 7 octa 8
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Rules for Binary Covalent Compounds 1. The prefix  mono  is never used for naming the first element of a compound. 2. The final o or a of a prefix is often dropped when the element begins with a vowel.
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Unformatted text preview: For example, for CO the name will be carbon monoxide, and the final o of mono is dropped. Remember, it's only the final o or a. So, the name of ClO 2 will be chlorine dioxide, and no vowels are dropped. How do you know which element goes first? The element that comes first in the following list "goes" first. B, Si, C, Sb, As, P, N, H, Te, Se, S, I, Br, Cl, O, F Finally, H 2 O, which according to the rules should be called dihydrogen monoxide is always called water, and NH 3 , or nitrogen trihydride, is always called ammonia....
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course CHEMISTRY CHM1025 taught by Professor Laurachoudry during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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Naming Covalent Compounds - For example, for CO the name...

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