This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: which represents 90% of the total electron density distribution. For the s orbitals this would be a sphere representation . p Orbitals The p orbitals are 'dumbbell' shaped orbitals of electron density, with a node at the nucleus. There are three distinct p orbitals, they differ in their orientations There is no fixed correlation between the three orientations and the three magnetic quantum numbers ( m l ) The d and f orbitals In the third shell and beyond there are five d orbitals, each has a different orientation in space: Although the 3d z 2 orbital looks different, it has the same energy as the other d orbitals. There are 7 equivalent f orbitals (for each value of n 4 or greater). They are pretty difficult to represent on a 3-d contour diagram. Understanding orbital shapes is key to understanding the molecules formed by combining atoms...
View Full Document