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Ribosomes - ribosomes Endoplasmic reticulum Endoplasmic...

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Ribosomes Ribosomes are the sites of protein synthesis. They are not membrane-bound and thus occur in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Eukaryotic ribosomes are slightly larger than prokaryotic ones. Structurally, the ribosome consists of a small and larger subunit, as shown in Figure 11. . Biochemically, the ribosome consists of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and some 50 structural proteins. Often ribosomes cluster on the endoplasmic reticulum , in which case they resemble a series of factories adjoining a railroad line. Figure 12 illustrates the many ribosomes attached to the endoplasmic reticulum. Click here for Ribosomes (More than you ever wanted to know about
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Unformatted text preview: ribosomes!) Endoplasmic reticulum Endoplasmic reticulum , shown in Figure 13 and 14, is a mesh of interconnected membranes that serve a function involving protein synthesis and transport. Rough endoplasmic reticulum (Rough ER) is so-named because of its rough appearance due to the numerous ribosomes that occur along the ER. Rough ER connects to the nuclear envelope through which the messenger RNA (mRNA) that is the blueprint for proteins travels to the ribosomes. Smooth ER; lacks the ribosomes characteristic of Rough ER and is thought to be involved in transport and a variety of other functions....
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