The Gaseous State - TheGaseousState

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The Gaseous State We have a pretty good understanding of the gaseous state in terms of the link between  the variables describing the microscopic (atomic-scale) realm, and the variables  describing the macroscopic realm. In the microscopic world we can talk about position, velocity, and mass of the individual  atoms, all of which are governed by Newton's laws of motion. By the use of statistical  mechanics and averages we can then relate these variables to the macroscopic world by  talking about such quantities as pressure, volume, temperature, and moles. For now,  though, let's focus on the macroscopic world and search for an equation of state that will  tell us the relationships between all these macroscopic world quantities. Boyle's Law We start with the experimental observations of Robert Boyle, who showed that the  quantities of pressure times volume are a constant. This is called Boyle's Law. This is  shown in the diagrams below.
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Each line on the graph is a line of constant temperature, and is called an isotherm. In a 
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course CHEMISTRY CHM1025 taught by Professor Laurachoudry during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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The Gaseous State - TheGaseousState

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