lecture2 - Phys 7857 Graduate Seminar How to get a job in...

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Phys 7857 Graduate Seminar “How to get a job in physics” day: jobs at universities Today: jobs at universities
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The American university evolved from the British institutions like Oxford and Cambridge. Harvard was the first university in North America having been founded in 1636 (interestingly, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic 1538, Peru and Mexico 1551, and Cordoba, Argentina 1613 are older. If you are into this kind of stuff, the madrassa Al-Karaouine en Fes, Morocco is in continuous operation since AD 859. Bologna (1088), Paris (1091), Oxford (1096) are the oldest in Europe). All this is nice, but largely irrelevant. Those institutions have very little to do with the modern university. Universities in the US took an important acceleration in 1862 with the Morrill Land-Grant act. This was a law passed by Congress (during the Civil War!) in which gave 30,000 acres of federal land to each state per each member of Congress the state had. Proceeds from the sale of these lands were used to fund universities by the states. Most of the universities so founded are the current large “state universities” (LSU, Southern are examples). A notable exception is Cornell, which is private. U. of Arizona, U. of Alaska, Colorado State, U. of Connecticut, Delaware State, U. of Maryland, Missisipi State, Rutgers, NCSU, Ohio State, PennState, Clemson, You may also hear sea-grant, space-grant (LSU is both) and sun-grant universities. Those are separate more recent programs that do not really involve a grant.
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Some of the structures of modern research universities got established after the land grant act. Yet, those institutions were also quite different from modern universities. For instance, PennState, which currently is a university system with 24 campuses and 84,000 students, started as a single building in State College, PA “Old Main” which housed the four faculty and all the students, administration and lecture halls. Most of the teaching was at the undergraduate level and there was no “externally supported” research. Things started to shape up after World War II. There two things happened: a) The Servicemen’s readjustment act of 1944 (“GI bill”) provided financial support for World War II veterans to go to college. Many universities saw enrolments soar (e.g. Syracuse University in New York State went from 6,000
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This note was uploaded on 11/23/2011 for the course PHYSICS 7857 taught by Professor Pullin during the Spring '11 term at LSU.

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lecture2 - Phys 7857 Graduate Seminar How to get a job in...

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