Cooperative_Learning

Cooperative_Learning - COOPERATIVE LEARNING Printable...

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COOPERATIVE LEARNING Printable Version What is cooperative learning? How can cooperative learning help your students? How can you implement cooperative learning in order to effectively meet the diverse learning needs of students? What are the different types of cooperative learning? Where can you find more information about cooperative learning? What is cooperative learning? Cooperative learning is a teaching arrangement that refers to small, heterogeneous groups of students working together to achieve a common goal. Students work together to learn and are responsible for their teammates' learning as well as their own. The basic elements of cooperative learning according to Johnson and Johnson are: Clearly perceived positive interdependence, Considerable promotive (face-to-face) interaction, Clearly perceived individual accountability and personal responsibility to achieve the group's goals, Frequent use of the relevant interpersonal and small-group skills, and Frequent and regular group processing of current functioning to improve the group's future effectiveness. Kagan (1994) offers the following basic elements of cooperative learning: Positive Interdependence - occurs when gains of individuals or teams are positively correlated, Individual Accountability - occurs when all students in a group are held accountable for doing a share of the work and for mastery of the material to be learned, Equal Participation - occurs when each member of the group is afforded equal shares of responsibility and input, and Simultaneous Interaction - occurs when class time is designed to allow many student interactions during the period (Kagan, 1994). << Top How can cooperative learning help your students? A synthesis of research about cooperative learning finds that cooperative learning strategies improve the achievement of students and their interpersonal relationships. In 67 studies of the achievement effects of cooperative learning, 61% found significantly greater achievement in cooperative groups than in traditionally taught control groups. Positive effects were found in all
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Cooperative_Learning - COOPERATIVE LEARNING Printable...

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