Organic & Biological Compounds

Organic & Biological Compounds - Organic & Biological...

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Organic & Biological Organic & Biological Compounds Compounds
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A. Organic Compounds 1. All contain carbon 2. Some compounds with carbon are not organic: a. CO CO 2 b. Carbonates - -CO 3 3. 90% of all compounds are organic
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4. Reasons why carbon forms so many compounds: a. C can form 4 bonds | - C - | b. C can form single, double, or triple bonds (it forms many types of bonds) c. C can bond with atoms of many different elements
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B. Hydrocarbons 1. Made of only H and C 2. Used for fuel and manufacturing processes 3. Types: a. Saturated – have only single bonds b. Unsaturated – have double or triple bonds
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3. Classification of hydrocarbons a. Alkanes – single bonds (saturated) b. Alkenes – double bond (unsaturated) c. Alkynes – triple bond (unsaturated) d. Cycloalkanes – carbons are single bonded in a ring structure
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4. Isomers – compounds with identical chemical formulas, but different structural formulas 5. Aromatic hydrocarbons a. Some have strong odors b. Benzene c. Have a ring of six C atoms joined by alternating single and double bonds
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6. Substituted hydrocarbons – one or
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course EL ED 302 taught by Professor Staff during the Winter '08 term at BYU.

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Organic & Biological Compounds - Organic & Biological...

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