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African Art - African Music Through Time African By Laura...

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Unformatted text preview: African Music Through Time African By Laura, Rebecca, and Rima Zulu Dance Jazz African Art African Bakuba helmet Akua-ba, statuette of fertility and healthy child-birth (Asante) Chi Wara male headdress, icon for good harvest (Bamana) Chi Wara female headdress, good harvest and family values (Bamana) Mask from Grassland, Cameroon area Mbira musical instrument (Chokwe) History of Slavery & Music History • African music existed in simple and complex forms thousands of years African • • • • • • • • before white settlers came to the country. before Each song had a purpose and was associated with tradition, events, etc. African musical beats and styles have vastly influenced music in the U.S. By 1620s, African people had been sold to white men in Jamestown. By 1980s, entire economy of what would become the United States By depended entirely upon slave work. Over 600,000 of these people were native Africans who had arrived to the “New World” via ship. native Slave music was outlawed after it was discovered that the slaves could Slave communicate through their music; fear of uprising. communicate English was later adapted to many of the slave songs, creating the English foundation for what we call “spirituals,” which were mostly about freedom. freedom. End of 1800s: work songs & spirituals begin to evolve into other forms of End music, eventually resulting in ragtime, soul, rhythm & blues, rock and roll, scat, jazz, reggae, and rap. scat, New perspectives on tempo, syncopation, and improvisation = New characteristic “American music” sound known worldwide today. characteristic History of Spirituals History • Spirituals & Work Songs: (a.k.a. “chain gang” songs) Expression and Spirituals • • • • emotional support. emotional The Underground Railroad: Helped slaves escape to “free” country; songs The of this period include “Wade in the Water,” “Gospel Train,” “Swing Low, Sweet Chariot.” Sweet Slavery was abolished in 1865; worship in churches with roots in African Slavery traditions. traditions. 1925-1985: Spirituals considered traditional songs – performed at church, 1925-1985: on stage, movies, theater, etc. 1930s – nightclubs; 1950s-60s – Civil Rights (“This Little Light of Mine”) (“This First Dr. Martin Luther King Day celebrated in 1985, became a national First holiday in 1992. Since first celebration of holiday, African American spirituals have been considered pieces of American heritage. spirituals African American Art African Follow the Drinking Gourd Beauty and Her Burden by Leonard Freeman Maple Leaf Rag cott Joplin Blues Boys Tune Mutual Musicians Sound of Miles So What I Got a Woman A Tribute to Ray Charles Annicia and Sister Carol by Jesse Watson One Drop ...
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