Classical 2

Classical 2 - Musicinthe ClassicalPeriod FranzJosephHaydn...

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    Music in the  Classical Period Franz Joseph Haydn Wolfgang Amadeus  Mozart
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General Characteristics of Classical Music It is meant to be easy on the ear. Direct reaction to the complexity of Baroque music. Balance, clarity, accessibility. Melody with accompaniment (homophony). Melodies are tuneful and catchy (2-4 measure  phrases). Harmony is simple, logical and clear (few  dissonances). No basso continuo (walking or Alberti Bass).
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Three Main Qualities Melody is most  important part. Tuneful and  balanced. Simple harmony. Light  accompaniment.
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Classical Opera Opera buffa – comic  opera. Simple music, amusing  plot, real characters. Performed in palace and  public opera houses. Reaction to problems  with Baroque Opera. Mythology/historical Not real people or  situations Music too heavy and  complex.
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Symphony Most important  instrumental genre. Began as sinfonia  (overture to opera). Three movements (Fast,  Slow, Fast) Begins to look like the  modern symphony.
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Mannheim, Germany Center of symphonic composition and performance. Johann Stamitz, conductor Expanded sinfonia to four movements Mvt 1 – Fast and serious (sonata form) Mvt 2 – Slow and lyrical (aria form) Mvt 3 – Graceful and moderate (dance form) Mvt 4 – Fast and lively (Rondo form)
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Classical 2 - Musicinthe ClassicalPeriod FranzJosephHaydn...

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