From Africa to Rock and Roll

From Africa to Rock and Roll - From Africa to Rock and Roll...

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From Africa to Rock and Roll Compiled by Mrs. Derr February 2008
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Early days of America In 1619, the first Africans were brought to the state of Virginia. They were taken from their happy homes and were forced into crowded ships. When they arrived in America, they were treated very poorly.
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The slaves were sold at auctions. They didn’t speak the language of the new land, and they were separated from their families.
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They were forced to do hard labor. To make the time go by faster, they began singing songs. Following African custom, a leader sang and the other workers sang along, trying to catch the rhythm that would soothe them in their work. This was the first African American musical form: THE WORK SONG.
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Spirituals In the early 1800’s the slaves began adopting the religion of their new world. In church they stressed their own cultural identity with songs and dances. With these songs, they expressed their hope for freedom, and a more dignified life.
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AFRICAN AMERICAN SPIRITUALS One of the earliest forms of American folk songs are the SPIRITUALS. No one knows who wrote these songs – they were handed down through generations.
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Famous spirituals include: • This Little Light Of Mine • When the Saints Go Marching In • He’s Got the Whole World In His Hands **Book by Ashley Bryan: LET IT SHINE
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Scott Joplin and RAGTIME In the late 1800’s and early 1900’s, another ancestor of jazz was very popular. Scott Joplin, often called the FATHER OF RAGTIME, composed this lively, rhythmic music for piano.
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MAPLE LEAF RAG by Joplin His composition MAPLE LEAF RAG, published in 1899, was the first published piece of sheet music to sell a million copies! **JOPLIN CD: Track 1, Maple Leaf Rag
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THE BLUES The blues sprang out of the southern United States as a way of expressing the worries, joys, and dreams that African Americans had along the road to being accepted in white society.
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Famous early blues musicians include Robert Johnson and Bessie Smith. Purple Hist./Jazz CD, tracks 2 (Keep off the Grass by James Johnson) and #11, (Back Water Blues by Bessie Smith)
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THE BLUES SCALE • Learn the blues scale by listening to the jazz melody blocks on the cassette tape. Funtime Blues Pack, pp. 6-7, and cassette
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NEW ORLEANS DIXIELAND JAZZ In the early 1900’s, the new style of African American music, which was now called JAZZ, found its home in New Orleans.
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JOE KING OLIVER Joe Oliver was one of the early and very important figures in New Orleans jazz.
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LOUIS ARMSTRONG As a young man growing up in the poorest neighborhoods of New Orleans, Louis Armstrong loved to hear the music of Joe King Oliver and his band.
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gun up in the sky during a New Orleans celebration of New Year’s Eve. It was while he was in jail that he
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From Africa to Rock and Roll - From Africa to Rock and Roll...

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