Neo-Classicism Music

Neo-Classicism Music - Neo­Classicism or...

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Unformatted text preview: Neo­Classicism or “Enlightenment” Characteristics Classical Music Neo­Classicism or “Enlightenment” Characteristics Classical Music Neo­Classicism or “Enlightenment” Characteristics Characteristics Forms/Styles Classical Music Neo­Classicism or “Enlightenment” Characteristics Characteristics Forms/Styles Classical Music Instruments Neo­Classicism or “Enlightenment” Characteristics Characteristics Forms/Styles Classical Music Instruments Musical Developments Neo­Classicism or “Enlightenment” Characteristics Characteristics Forms/Styles Classical Composers Music Instruments Musical Developments Classical Music Entertainment led to a change in music. In order to draw larger audiences of both the aristocracy and the middle class, they had to SIMPLIFY the complex Baroque style. Music became an artistic art form for the purpose of selling tickets to masses of people. So, it changed to be easier and more pleasant to listen to. Characteristics Characteristics Delicate, Pretty, Simple Melodies Easily remembered tunes Short melodic phrases with repetition & ornamentation Ordered, symmetrical, formal Logical and UNDERSTANDABLE Forms/Styles Theme & Variation – theme is stated and repeated with minor changes LISTEN: “Canon in D” Rondo – sections of music while always repeating the “A” section (ABACADA) LISTEN: “Rondo Alla Turca” – Everybody March Forms/Styles Theme & Variation – theme is stated and repeated with minor changes LISTEN: “Canon in D” Rondo – sections of music while always repeating the “A” section (ABACADA) LISTEN: “Rondo Alla Turca” – Everybody March Forms/Styles continued String Quartet – (Chamber Music) – music for performance in a small room (2 violins, viola and cello) LISTEN for a small, simple sound Symphony – large orchestra piece with many movements (sections) LISTEN for a large, full sound New and Improved N ew and Improved Instr uments Piano – Makes dynamics in music possible (loud/soft) music Orchestras ­ now use percussion, now woodwind and brass instruments to support the strings to Musical Developments: Dynamics – now players are able to control the volume of the music Examples: pp, p, mp, mf, f, ff Structure and FORM – composers wrote music to fit a specific format Examples: Rondo, String Quartet Franz Josef Haydn (1732-1809) Franz Born in Austria Worked for the Esterhazy Royal Family Forced Prince to leave vacation by Forced composing a piece where players left the stage one by one stage Started writing symphonies in 1757 and Started improved symphonic style (long and sophisticated) sophisticated) Wrote 104 symphonies Franz Josef Haydn (1732-1809) Franz “Surprise Surprise Symphony” Symphony” In this symphony, In Haydn used DYNAMICS in order to wake up unsuspecting audience members. members. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) Born in Austria Child Prodigy – toured with father and sister from age 6­16 Composed first song at age 5 Composed a piece of music for every kind of instrument Known for symphonies and operas Had “topsy­turvy” career Married against his father’s will and couldn’t manage money Music was light and entertaining until his father died, then his music changed dramatically and became very dark • Mystery surrounding his death • • • • • • • • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) Young Mozart, age 4 Mozart’s father, Leopold Mozart on tour with father Mozart as an adult Ludwig van Beethoven (1770­1827) Had a rough childhood Early music more Classical sounding Later music moves to a more Romantic sound (longer, dramatic, emotional) Went deaf in his later years, but continued composing His deafness caused him to withdraw from social settings He never married Had a bad temper Composed many types of music including 9 Symphonies Ludwig van Beethoven (1770­1827) Beethoven as a young man His later years ...
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