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Rock_History - History of Rock and Roll Introduction What...

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1 History of Rock and Roll Introduction What is “Rock and Roll” and who coined the term?
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2 Rock and Roll History I Sam Phillips Finds His Star Who was Sam Phillips?
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3 Sam Phillips (1923-2003) Sam Phillips was a disc jockey who started the Memphis Recording Service on January 3, 1950. It later became the Sun Records label. From 1950-1954 he recorded black R&B artists that included: Bobby “Blue” Bland, Chester “Howlin’ Wolf” Burnett, James Cotton, Roscoe Gordon, Riley “B.B.” King, Little Milton, Herman “Little Junior” Parker, Rufus “Hound Dog” Thomas. Was concerned his black artists would not be able to break through into the “white mainstream” market. Began searching for a white artist “who could play and sing in this same exciting, alive way.” Who would be that artist? SOURCES: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sam_Phillips ; Shirley, 14.
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4 Elvis Presley (1935-1977) Received his first guitar at 11. Early influences included: hymns, gospel, country, and bluegrass. In 1947 his family moved to Memphis and he began listening to blues and R&B. In 1950 he began hearing Sam Phillips’ Sun Studios recordings. In 1953 he paid $4 to record “My Happiness” and “That’s When Your Heartaches Begin” at Sun Studios. Elvis Presley SOURCES: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elvis_Presley ; Shirley, 14-15.
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5 Elvis’ Break During a break in a 1954 recording session with guitarist Scotty Moore and bassist Bill Black, Elvis began singing an Arthur Crudup blues song, “That’s All Right.” It was released 2 weeks later with “Blue Moon of Kentucky” and caused a sensation. Two months later Presley, Moore, and Black released “Good Rockin’ Tonight” and in less than a year he became the most popular entertainer in the mid-south. In 1955 Colonel Tom Parker arranged for RCA to buy out Elvis’ contract for $35,000. Elvis at the Mississippi- Alabama State Fair in 1956. SOURCES: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elvis_Presley ; Shirley, 16-18.
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6 Elvis conquers the charts In 1956, Elvis had the #1 country single (“I Forgot to Remember to Forget”), the #1 R&B single (“Heartbreak Hotel”), and the #1 Pop single (“I Want You, I Need You, I Love You). In 1957, he released the following hit singles: “Hound Dog,” “Don’t Be Cruel,” “Love Me Tender,” Jailhouse Rock,” “All Shook Up,” and “Teddy Bear.” He appeared on January 6 on The Ed Sullivan Show from the waist up. Drafted by the U.S. Army in 1958. SOURCES: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elvis_Presley ; Shirley, 18-19.
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7 Elvis conquers Hollywood Love Me Tender (1956), Loving You , Jailhouse Rock (1957), King Creole (1958), Flaming Star (1960), Blue Hawaii (1961), Viva Las Vegas (1964) are among the 31 motion pictures he made. SOURCES: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elvis_Presley ; Shirley, 19-20.
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