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ArmyStructure - The US Army The CPT Woodruff MTU ARMY ROTC...

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Unformatted text preview: The US Army The CPT Woodruff MTU ARMY ROTC Agenda Agenda • US MILITARY BRANCHES • Active Duty / USAR / NATIONAL GUARD • RANK STRUCTURE/UNIT STRUCTURE • ARMY DIVISIONS • ARMY BRANCHES US Military Branches US US Army US US Air Force US Navy US US Marine Corps US Army Mission US • Preserve the peace and security, and provide for the defense of the United States, the Territories, Commonwealths, and Possessions, and any areas occupied by the United States • Support national policies • Implement national objectives • Overcome any nations responsible for aggressive acts that imperil the peace and security of the United States America’s Army America’s • Foundation – Established 14 June 1775 by Continental Congress • Articles of Confederation – First roles and missions: “Provide for the common defense” The Constitution - 1787 The • Principle of civilian control over military • Congress: - Raises and supports military services Declares war Makes rules for governing and regulating the Makes services services • President: – – – Commander in Chief Authority to make treaties and to appoint Federal Authority Officers Officers Directs national security affairs The Total Army 20% RESERVES 205K 35% NATIONAL GUARD 350K ACTIVE 495K 45% Active Component Active Army Reserve Army • Formed in 1908. After WW I, the National Formed Defense Act of 1920 established the Organized Reserve Corps which includes both units and individuals. units • The Army Reserve is not under state control. • Provides the bulk of combat service support Provides (CSS), as well as some combat support (CS), for the Total Army. for Army Reserve • Selected Reserve: Army Reserve Units, Individual Mobilization Augmentees, Active Guard/Reservists. Total strength about 204,500. Total • Individual Ready Reserve: Individuals who have completed active duty and reserve training requirements, or have left active duty recently and still have a reserve commitment. Total strength about 155,000. about • Retired Reserve: Individuals who have completed 20 years of qualifying service for retirement. (Approx 693,300) (Approx Army National Guard Army • Lineage traced to militias formed during the Lineage French and Indian Wars in 1700s. French • Provides, primarily, combat and combat Provides, support unit reinforcements, as well as some combat service support, for the active Army. combat • Provides combat reinforcement capability Provides with 15 “enhanced readiness” brigades, trained and equipped to reinforce deployed AC forces within 90 days AC Enlisted Ranks Enlisted Enlisted Members (EMs) E-1 E-1 Private (PVT) Private E-2 Private (PV2) E-3 Private First Class (PFC) E-4 Specialist (SPC) Specialist No Rank or Corporal (CPL) Enlisted Ranks Enlisted Non-Commissioned Officers E-5 E-5 Sergeant (SGT) Sergeant E-6 Staff Sergeant (SSG) E-7 Sergeant First Class (SFC) Enlisted Ranks Enlisted Non-Commissioned Officers E-8 Master Sergeant Master (MSG) E-9 Sergeant Major Sergeant (SGM) (SGM) or First Sergeant (1SG) or Command Sergeant Major (CSM) Warrant Officers Warrant W1 Warrant Officer W2 W2 Chief Warrant Officer 2 W3 Chief Warrant Officer 3 W4 Chief Warrant Officer 4 W5 W5 Chief Warrant Officer 5 Commissioned Officers Commissioned Company Grade O-1 2nd Lieutenant (2LT) O-2 1st Lieutenant (1LT) O-3 Captain (CPT) Commissioned Officers Commissioned Field Grade O-4 Major (MAJ) Major O-5 Lieutenant Colonel (LTC) Lieutenant O-6 Colonel (COL) Commissioned Officers Commissioned General Officer O-7 Brigadier General (BG) O-8 Major General (MG) O-8 Major O-9 Lieutenant General (LTG) O-10 General (GEN) Unit Structures Unit Team Team Team Leader Rifleman Automatic Automatic Rifleman Rifleman Grenadier Squad Squad Graphic Symbol Squad Leader Team Leader Team Leader Rifleman Automatic Automatic Rifleman Rifleman Grenadier Rifleman Automatic Automatic Rifleman Rifleman Grenadier Platoon Platoon Graphic Symbol Platoon Leader Platoon Sergeant Squad Leader Squad Leader Squad Leader Company Company Graphic Symbol Company Commander Executive Officer Platoon Leader 1st SQD 2nd SQD 3rd SQD First Sergeant Platoon Leader Platoon Leader 1st SQD 2nd SQD 3rd SQD 1st SQD 2nd SQD 3rd SQD Battalion Battalion Graphic Symbol Executive Officer Operations Officer Line Company Line Commander Commander Battalion Commander Line Company Line Commander Commander Line Company Line Commander Commander Command Command Sergeant Major Major Headquarters Headquarters Company Commander Commander Brigade Brigade - Commander normally a Colonel (O-6) Commander - Two or more Battalions make up a Brigade Two - Are often organized in Brigade Combat Teams consisting of an Artillery BN, Engineer BN, and Forward Support BN in addition to organic manuever BNs addition X - Graphic symbol (one X) Graphic X Mech Inf Bde Mech Inf Bn Mech Inf Bn Armor Bn Divisions Divisions - Commander normally a Major General (O-8) Commander - Each Division has C2, combat, combat service, combat service support units combat - 10 active duty Divisions in US Army 10 - Five types of Divisions: Five - graphic symbol (two Xs) graphic Armored Mechanized Mechanized Light Infantry Light Airborne Airborne Air Assault Air XX Active Divisions Active CONUS Armored Air Assault 1st Cavalry Div 1st Armored Div Ft Hood, TX Ft Riley , KS (1 Bde) Light Infantry 101st Airborne Div 10th Mountain Div Ft Campbell, KY Ft Drum, NY Ft Mechanized 1st Infantry Div 2nd Infantry Div Ft Riley, KS (1 Bde) Ft Lewis, WA (1 Bde) 3rd Infantry Div Ft Stewart, GA Ft Benning, GA 25th Infantry Div Ft Lewis, WA (1 Bde) Airborne 4th Infantry Div Ft Hood, TX Ft Carson, CO 82nd Airborne Div Ft Bragg, NC Active Divisions Active OCONUS Armored 1st Armored Div Bad Kreuznach, Germany Light Infantry 25th Infantry Div Schofield Barracks, HI Mechanized 1st Infantry Div Wurzburg, Germany 2nd Infantry Div Camp Red Cloud, Korea Types of Branches of the US Army the 1) Combat Arms: involved in actual fighting 1) Combat 2) Combat Support: provide operational 2) Combat assistance to combat arms to include combat missions as necessary 3) Combat Service Support: provide logistical Combat and administrative support to the army; personnel normally not directly involved in combat operations combat Combat Arms Combat Infantry Corps of Engineers Armor Air Defense Air Artillery Artillery Field Artillery Aviation Special Forces Combat Support Combat Military Police Aviation Chemical Corps Military Intelligence Corps of Engineers Signal Corps Combat Service Support Support Adjutant Adjutant General Corps Corps JAG Corps Finance Finance Corps Corps Ordnance Ordnance Corps Corps Transportation Transportation Corps Corps Quartermaster Quartermaster Corps Corps Special Branches Medical Medical Corps Corps Dental Dental Corps Corps Nurse Nurse Corps Corps Veterinary Chaplain Veterinary Chaplain Corps Corps Corps Corps Chain of Command Bottom Line Line Commander in Chief Division Commander Secretary of Defense Brigade Commander Secretary of the Army Battalion Commander Army Chief of Staff Company Commander Theater Commander Platoon Leader Army Group Commander Squad Leader Corps Commander Team Leader Summary Summary • US MILITARY BRANCHES • Active Duty / USAR / NATIONAL GUARD • RANK STRUCTURE/UNIT STRUCTURE • ARMY DIVISIONS • ARMY BRANCHES Conclusion Conclusion QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ...
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