Road to Civil War 2

Road to Civil War 2 - 5. SOUTHERN SLAVERY THE PECULIAR...

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Unformatted text preview: 5. SOUTHERN SLAVERY THE PECULIAR INSTITUTION Prior to 1791 slavery was not profitable Cotton Gin----Eli Whitney---1791 South relied on cotton and slaves. Cotton production doubles every 10 years King Cotton 6. Southern society 7. Facts on Slavery 8. Why did the South fight a war to preserve slavery when of Southerners did not own slaves? American Dream THE ROAD TO THE CIVIL WAR 9. SOCIAL OUTCRY AGAINST SLAVERY Rise of abolitionists----1830 to 1860 William Lloyd Garrison Frederick Douglass Harriet Tubman Harriet Beecher Stowe 10. Did slaves revolt against slavery? Slave revolts Slave codes C O T T O N P R O D U C T I O N 1791: 4,000 bales of cotton are produced 1849: 2, 246, 900 bales of cotton are produced 6 cents a lb. to 14 cents in 1857 Expanded into Arkansas and Texas Crop increase: 2,500,000 bales in 1850 to 5,300,000 in 1860 Crop Value: In 1800, $8 million: In 1860, $250 million Tobacco by 1860 : 200,000,000 lbs. to 430,000,000 lbs. The invention which changed the South, cotton, and slavery. Trial of tears GROWTH OF SLAVERY Total U.S. population was 3.5 million 700,000 slaves in the U.S. at this time. Still bought slaves through the slave trade. Trial of tears GROWTH OF SLAVERY Total U.S. population was 18 million 2 million slaves in the U.S. at this time. 1808, importation of slaves was illegal Slave trade within the U.S. Increase of slave population was from natural reproduction Trial of tears GROWTH OF SLAVERY 33 million U.S. population, 4 million slaves in the South Map Crops in South GROWTH OF SLAVERY COTTON BELT , Cotton Kingdom Federal Southern society was similar to a Feudal system that existed in Europe during the Dark and Middle Ages..( Manorial System) Caste system and difficult to move up the social ladder. Based on white supremacy and the slave was inferior. Plantation owners Aristocracy Middle Class Small farmers Poor Whites Free Blacks, 2nd class citizens Slaves---no rights, considered property No political or civil rights. Upper class Owned some slaves. Achieve American Dream Owned no slaves.Hated white upper class American Dream SOUTHERN SOCIETY At the Cons titutional Convention 3/5s Compromis e 1807, imported s laves was abolis hed in the U.S. Fugitive Slave Law 90% of Europes cotton came from the South by 1860 1/2 of U.S. exports were from cotton More money inves ted in s laves than land and tools ---$2 billion North looked to property as value, Souths value lay in human property FACTS ON SLAVERY Conditions on a slave ship were horrible. This was called the Middle Passage . More s laves you had the greater s ocial s tatus 2/3s of pres idents s ince independence were s laveowners Majority of Supreme Court jus tices were from the South FACTS ON SLAVERY...
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Road to Civil War 2 - 5. SOUTHERN SLAVERY THE PECULIAR...

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