Unformatted text preview: Ms. Susan M. Pojer
Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
Horace 1. Commercial/Business
Interests U. S. Foreign Investments: 1869-1908 1. Commercial/Business
Interests American Foreign Trade:
1870-1914 2. Military/Strategic Interests
2. Alfred T. Mahan The Influence of Sea Power
on History: 1660-1783 3. Social Darwinist Thinking
3. The Hierarchy
of Race The White Man’s
Burden 4. Religious/Missionary Interests
in China, 1905 5. Closing the American Frontier
5. U. S. Missionaries in Hawaii
U. Imiola Church – first built in the late 1820s U. S. View of Hawaiians
U. Hawaii becomes a U. S. Protectorate in 1849
by virtue of economic treaties. Hawaiian Queen Liliuokalani
Hawaiian Hawaii for the
Hawaiians! U. S. Business Interests In Hawaii
1875 – Reciprocity
1890 – McKinley Tariff
1893 – American
businessmen backed an
uprising against Queen
Sanford Ballard Dole
proclaims the Republic
of Hawaii in 1894.
of To The Victor Belongs the Spoils
Ceremony, 1898 Commodore Matthew Perry
Opens Up Japan: 1853
Opens The Japanese View of
Commodore Perry Treaty of Kanagawa: 1854
Treaty Gentleman’s Agreement: 1908
A Japanese note agreeing
to deny passports to
laborers entering the U.S.
Japan recognized the U.S.
right to exclude Japanese
immigrants holding passports
issued by other countries.
The U.S. government got the
school board of San Francisco
to rescind their order to
segregate Asians in separate
Root-Takahira Root-Takahira Agreement: 1908
A pledge to maintain the status quo in the
Recognition of China’s independence and
territorial integrity, and support for
continuation of the Open-Door Policy.
An agreement to mutual consultation in the
event of future Far Eastern crises.
event Lodge Corollary to the Monroe
Senator Henry Cabot
Lodge, Sr. (R-MA)
like Japan, would be
excluded from owning
territory in the Western
Hemisphere. “Seward’s Folly”: 1867 $7.2 million “Seward’s Icebox”: 1867 The Imperialist Tailor
The Spanish Misrule in Cuba
Spanish Valeriano Weyler’s
“Reconcentration” “Yellow Journalism” & Jingoism Joseph Pulitzer William Randolph Hearst Hearst to Frederick Remington:
You furnish the pictures,
and I’ll furnish the war! De Lôme Letter
Dupuy de Lôme, Spanish
Ambassador to the U.S.
McKinley as weak and a
bidder for the admiration
of the crowd, besides
being a would-be politician
who tries to leave a door
open behind himself while
keeping on good terms
with the jingoes of his
party. Theodore Roosevelt
Assistant Secretary of
the Navy in the
McKinley as having
the backbone of a
Resigns his position
to fight in Cuba.
Riders” Remember the Maine
and to Hell with Spain! Funeral for Maine
victims in Havana The Spanish-American War (1898):
“That Splendid Little War” How prepared was the US for war? The Spanish-American War (1898):
“That Splendid Little War” Dewey Captures Manila!
Dewey Is He To Be a Despot?
Is Emilio Aguinaldo
Emilio Leader of the Filipino Uprising.
July 4, 1946:
Philippine independence William H. Taft, 1st
Gov.-General of the Philippines Great administrator.
Great Our “Sphere of Influence”
Our The Treaty of Paris: 1898
Cuba was freed from Spanish rule.
Spain gave up Puerto Rico and the island of
The U. S. paid Spain
$20 mil. for the
The U. S. becomes
an imperial power! The American Anti-Imperialist
Founded in 1899.
Mark Twain, Andrew
James, and William
Jennings Bryan among
the annexation of the
Philippines and other
acts of imperialism. Cuban Independence?
Teller Amendment (1898)
Orville Platt Platt Amendment (1903)
1. Cuba was not to enter into any agreements with foreign
powers that would endanger its independence.
2. The U.S. could intervene in Cuban affairs if necessary to
maintain an efficient, independent govt.
3. Cuba must lease Guantanamo Bay to the U.S. for naval
and coaling station.
4. Cuba must not build up an excessive public debt. Puerto Rico: 1898
1900 - Foraker Act.
Foraker PR became an “unincorporated territory.” Citizens of PR, not of the US. Import duties on PR goods
1901-1903 the Insular Cases.
Insular Constitutional rights were not automatically
extended to territorial possessions.
extended Congress had the power to decide these rights. IImport duties laid down by the Foraker Act were
legal! Puerto Rico: 1898
1917 – Jones Act.
1917 Jones Gave full territorial status to PR. Removed tariff duties on PR goods coming
into the US.
into PRs elected their
own legislators &
governor to enforce
local laws. PRs could NOT vote
in US presidential
elections. A resident commissioner was sent to
Washington to vote for PR in the House.
Washington Panama: The King’s Crown
Dr. Walter Reed.
Colonel W. Goethals.
Hay-BunauVarilla Treaty. Panama Canal
Panama TR in Panama
(Construction begins in
1904) The Roosevelt Corollary to the
Monroe Doctrine: 1905
may in America, as
require intervention by
some civilized nation, and
in the Western Hemisphere
the adherence of the
United States to the
Monroe Doctrine may force
the United States, however
reluctantly, in flagrant
cases of such wrongdoing
or impotence, to the
exercise of an international
police power .
police Speak Softly,
But Carry a Big Stick! Stereotypes of the Chinese
Immigrant Oriental [Chinese]
Exclusion Act, 1887 The Boxer Rebellion: 1900
The The Peaceful Harmonious Fists.
“55 Days at Peking.” The Open Door Policy
The Secretary John Hay.
Give all nations equal
access to trade in China.
Guaranteed that China would NOT be taken
over by any one foreign power.
Policy America as a Pacific Power
America The Cares of a Growing Family
The Constable of the World
Constable Treaty of Portsmouth: 1905
Treaty Nobel Peace Prize for Teddy The Great White Fleet: 1907
The Taft’s “Dollar
Use private capital to
further U. S. interests
Therefore, the U.S.
should create stability
and order abroad that
would best promote
interests. The Mexican Revolution: 1910s
Victoriano Huerta seizes control of Mexico
and puts Madero in prison where he was
Venustiano Carranza, Pancho Villa, Emiliano
Zapata, and Alvaro Obregon fought against
The U.S. also got involved by occupying
Veracruz and Huerta fled the country.
Eventually Carranza would gain power in
Mexico. The Mexican Revolution: 1910s
Emiliano Zapata Venustiano Carranza Pancho Villa Porfirio
Francisco I Madero Wilson’s “Moral Diplomacy”
The U. S. should
be the conscience
of the world.
colonialism. Searching for Banditos
Banditos General John J. Pershing with Pancho
Villa in 1914. U. S. Global Investments &
Investments in Latin America, 1914 U. S. Interventions in
Latin America: 1898-1920s
Latin Uncle Sam: One of the “Boys?”
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