AmericaBecomesanImperialPower

AmericaBecomesanImperialPower - Ms. Susan M. Pojer Ms....

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Unformatted text preview: Ms. Susan M. Pojer Ms. Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Horace 1. Commercial/Business Interests Interests U. S. Foreign Investments: 1869-1908 1. Commercial/Business 1. Interests Interests American Foreign Trade: 1870-1914 2. Military/Strategic Interests 2. Alfred T. Mahan The Influence of Sea Power on History: 1660-1783 3. Social Darwinist Thinking 3. The Hierarchy of Race The White Man’s Burden 4. Religious/Missionary Interests 4. American Missionaries in China, 1905 5. Closing the American Frontier 5. U. S. Missionaries in Hawaii U. Imiola Church – first built in the late 1820s U. S. View of Hawaiians U. Hawaii becomes a U. S. Protectorate in 1849 by virtue of economic treaties. Hawaiian Queen Liliuokalani Hawaiian Hawaii for the Hawaiians! U. S. Business Interests In Hawaii U. 1875 – Reciprocity 1875 Treaty 1890 – McKinley Tariff 1890 McKinley 1893 – American American businessmen backed an uprising against Queen uprising Liliuokalani. Liliuokalani. Sanford Ballard Dole proclaims the Republic of Hawaii in 1894. of To The Victor Belongs the Spoils To Hawaiian Annexation Ceremony, 1898 Commodore Matthew Perry Opens Up Japan: 1853 Opens The Japanese View of Commodore Perry Treaty of Kanagawa: 1854 Treaty Gentleman’s Agreement: 1908 Gentleman’s A Japanese note agreeing Japanese to deny passports to to laborers entering the U.S. Japan recognized the U.S. right to exclude Japanese immigrants holding passports issued by other countries. The U.S. government got the school board of San Francisco school to rescind their order to to segregate Asians in separate 1908 schools. Root-Takahira Agreement. 1908 Root-Takahira Root-Takahira Agreement: 1908 Root-Takahira A pledge to maintain the status quo in the pledge Far East. Far Recognition of China’s independence and Recognition territorial integrity, and support for continuation of the Open-Door Policy. continuation An agreement to mutual consultation in the An event of future Far Eastern crises. event Lodge Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine: 1912 Doctrine: Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, Sr. (R-MA) Non-European powers, like Japan, would be excluded from owning territory in the Western Hemisphere. “Seward’s Folly”: 1867 $7.2 million “Seward’s Icebox”: 1867 The Imperialist Tailor The Spanish Misrule in Cuba Spanish Valeriano Weyler’s “Reconcentration” Policy “Reconcentration” “Yellow Journalism” & Jingoism Joseph Pulitzer William Randolph Hearst Hearst to Frederick Remington: You furnish the pictures, You and I’ll furnish the war! De Lôme Letter De Dupuy de Lôme, Spanish Ambassador to the U.S. Criticized President McKinley as weak and a McKinley weak bidder for the admiration of the crowd, besides being a would-be politician who tries to leave a door open behind himself while keeping on good terms with the jingoes of his party. Theodore Roosevelt Theodore Assistant Secretary of Assistant the Navy in the McKinley administration. administration. Imperialist and Imperialist American nationalist. American Criticized President McKinley as having McKinley the backbone of a chocolate éclair! chocolate Resigns his position Resigns to fight in Cuba. to The “Rough Riders” Riders” Remember the Maine Remember and to Hell with Spain! Funeral for Maine victims in Havana The Spanish-American War (1898): The “That Splendid Little War” How prepared was the US for war? The Spanish-American War (1898): The “That Splendid Little War” Dewey Captures Manila! Dewey Is He To Be a Despot? Is Emilio Aguinaldo Emilio Leader of the Filipino Uprising. July 4, 1946: Philippine independence William H. Taft, 1st William Gov.-General of the Philippines Great administrator. Great Our “Sphere of Influence” Our The Treaty of Paris: 1898 The Cuba was freed from Spanish rule. Spain gave up Puerto Rico and the island of Guam. The U. S. paid Spain $20 mil. for the Philippines. The U. S. becomes an imperial power! The American Anti-Imperialist League Founded in 1899. Mark Twain, Andrew Mark Carnegie, William Carnegie, James, and William Jennings Bryan among the leaders. Campaigned against Campaigned the annexation of the the Philippines and other acts of imperialism. Cuban Independence? Teller Amendment (1898) (1898) Senator Orville Platt Platt Amendment (1903) 1. Cuba was not to enter into any agreements with foreign Cuba powers that would endanger its independence. powers 2. The U.S. could intervene in Cuban affairs if necessary to The maintain an efficient, independent govt. maintain 3. Cuba must lease Guantanamo Bay to the U.S. for naval Cuba Guantanamo and coaling station. and 4. Cuba must not build up an excessive public debt. Puerto Rico: 1898 Puerto 1900 - Foraker Act. Foraker PR became an “unincorporated territory.” Citizens of PR, not of the US. Import duties on PR goods 1901-1903 the Insular Cases. 1901-1903 Insular Constitutional rights were not automatically Constitutional extended to territorial possessions. extended Congress had the power to decide these rights. IImport duties laid down by the Foraker Act were mport legal! legal! Puerto Rico: 1898 Puerto 1917 – Jones Act. 1917 Jones Gave full territorial status to PR. Removed tariff duties on PR goods coming Removed into the US. into PRs elected their own legislators & governor to enforce local laws. PRs could NOT vote in US presidential elections. A resident commissioner was sent to resident Washington to vote for PR in the House. Washington Panama: The King’s Crown Panama: 1850 Clayton-Bulwer 1850 Clayton-Bulwer Treaty. 1901 Hay-Paunceforte 1901 Hay-Paunceforte Treaty. Philippe Bunau-Varilla, Philippe agent provocateur. Dr. Walter Reed. Colonel W. Goethals. 1903 Hay-Bunau1903 Hay-BunauVarilla Treaty. Panama Canal Panama TR in Panama (Construction begins in 1904) The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine: 1905 Monroe Chronic wrongdoing… Chronic may in America, as elsewhere, ultimately require intervention by some civilized nation, and in the Western Hemisphere the adherence of the United States to the Monroe Doctrine may force the United States, however reluctantly, in flagrant cases of such wrongdoing cases or impotence, to the exercise of an international police power . police Speak Softly, Speak But Carry a Big Stick! Stereotypes of the Chinese Immigrant Oriental [Chinese] Exclusion Act, 1887 The Boxer Rebellion: 1900 The The Peaceful Harmonious Fists. “55 Days at Peking.” The Open Door Policy The Secretary John Hay. Secretary John Give all nations equal access to trade in China. Guaranteed that China would NOT be taken Guaranteed over by any one foreign power. over The The Open Door Open Policy Policy America as a Pacific Power America The Cares of a Growing Family The Constable of the World Constable Treaty of Portsmouth: 1905 Treaty Nobel Peace Prize for Teddy The Great White Fleet: 1907 The Taft’s “Dollar Diplomacy” Diplomacy” Improve financial opportunities for opportunities American businesses. American Use private capital to further U. S. interests overseas. Therefore, the U.S. Therefore, should create stability and order abroad that would best promote America’s commercial interests. interests. The Mexican Revolution: 1910s The Victoriano Huerta seizes control of Mexico Victoriano and puts Madero in prison where he was murdered. murdered. Venustiano Carranza, Pancho Villa, Emiliano Venustiano Zapata, and Alvaro Obregon fought against Huerta. Huerta. The U.S. also got involved by occupying The Veracruz and Huerta fled the country. Veracruz Eventually Carranza would gain power in Eventually Mexico. Mexico. The Mexican Revolution: 1910s The Emiliano Zapata Venustiano Carranza Pancho Villa Porfirio Diaz Francisco I Madero Wilson’s “Moral Diplomacy” Wilson’s The U. S. should be the conscience of the world. Spread democracy. Promote peace. Condemn Condemn colonialism. colonialism. Searching for Banditos Banditos General John J. Pershing with Pancho Pancho Villa in 1914. U. S. Global Investments & U. Investments in Latin America, 1914 U. S. Interventions in Latin America: 1898-1920s Latin Uncle Sam: One of the “Boys?” Uncle ...
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