ss-ch3 - Chapter 3. Chapter Background to the Conflict...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 3. Chapter Background to the Conflict Pre-Civil War Days Sherry Woods, Caywood Elementary School Lexington, TN Lesson 1. Differences Divide North and South North Regional Differences – North More factories People began moving to the cities to work Less people were farming People from other countries moved to the North Population grew rapidly to over 19 million PEOPLE!!! Plantation Life Plantation – Huge plantations Needed a lot of workers Used slave labor The South The Farming remained the main way to earn a living – Most were small one family farms Cut lumber, raised cattle, and raised just enough food for Cut their own families their Population was a lot smaller (11 million) than in the North (19 million) (19 The Slave Economy The Many people began to turn against slavery Cost of owning slaves was too high for Cost most most Most slaves worked on large plantations. Very few white Southerners could afford to Very own slaves. own “King Cotton” Cotton was hard to prepare for market – The little seeds had to be separated from the The cotton. cotton. – This was very hard to do and took a LOT of This TIME TIME – Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin Eli cotton Made cleaning cotton easier Farmers grew more cotton and made more Farmers money money Needed more slaves to work the cotton Needed North and South Disagree North States’ Rights – South didn’t like depending on the North’s South manufactured goods manufactured – Thought the North was getting RICH off of Thought them them Slavery Issue Slavery Slavery – Settlers from the South who moved west took Settlers their slaves their – Settlers from the North didn’t own slaves and Settlers thought slavery was wrong. thought – WHO would WIN Would there be slavery in WHO the new territories or NOT??? the Lesson 2. Africans in Slavery and Freedom and Life Under Slavery – Slave Codes Laws for slaves – – – – Slaves could not leave owners’ land Could not buy or sell goods Not allowed to learn to read or write Treated as property with very few privileges Coping with Slavery Coping – Spirituals Formed close knit groups to help each other Sang religious songs to give them strength Overseers Overseers Hired to watch the slaves work and punish them if Hired they fell behind. they Fighting Back Fighting Fighting Back – – Most resisted slavery ( act against) Quiet ways they resisted Broke tools, left gates open to let the farm animals out, let Broke boats drift away, hid stuff the owners needed and acted like they knew nothing about it at all they John Brown’s Rebellion John John Brown’s rebellion at Harper’s Ferry – A white abolitionist – Stole guns from Harper’s Ferry warehouse to give to Stole slaves slaves – Caught, tried, and hanged Violent Resistance Violent – Violent ways to resist Nat Turner’s Revolt – Led an attack killing 57 people – He and others were caught, tried in court, and hanged Running Away Running Running Away – – Many chose to run away Many Found safe places to hide Indians protected some Hid in forest, swamps, and mountains Some made it to the free North, some to Canada and others Some went south to Mexico went Many were helped by the Underground Railroad Many Underground Many were caught and punished for trying to escape. The Underground Railroad The – – – – System of escape routes leading to freedom Members were called conductors Hiding places were called stations Harriet Tubman was most famous An escaped slave Returned to the South over 20 times to help Returned others others Free Africans Free Not all Africans were slaves – Some were former slaves freed by their Some owners owners – Others had bought their freedom – Some had escaped to freedom – Many lived in the cities where they had a Many better chance to work better Life for Africans… Life Life for most Africans, free or not, was still Life hard because: hard – Unwelcome in many places Whites Only – Often treated unfairly – Had little freedom – Not allowed to vote or meet in groups – Could not attend school or have certain jobs Lesson 3 Lesson Facing a Facing National Problem National New Compromises New Henry Clay – Worked hard to settle differences dividing the Worked nation. nation. – Congressman from Kentucky – Free state: didn’t want slavery. – Slave state: wanted slavery – Everything was EVEN until Missouri became Everything a state. The Missouri Compromise The Asked to join the U.S. as a slave state This would make more slave states than This free. free. Missouri would join as a slave state AND Missouri Maine would join as a free state. Maine Imaginary line would be drawn through the Imaginary rest of the Louisiana territory rest Solutions to the Problem Solutions North of the line = Free States South of the line = Slave states Results of the Missouri Compromise of 1820 Compromise Kept the peace for nearly 30 years Six new states joined the Union – 3 slave Six and 3 free….still equal in number and AND THEN along came…California The Compromise of 1850 The Henry Clay to the rescue AGAIN California = Free New Mexico and Utah territories= people New would decide would Fugitive Slave Law Fugitive A new law that said: – Anyone caught helping slaves escape would Anyone be punished. be – If you found a runaway slave, you had to If return them to their owner. return Henry Clay, the Great Compromiser Compromiser Died in 1852 Never gave up hope in finding peaceful Never solutions to problems solutions One his grave marker it says, – “I know no North – no South – No East – No know West” West” Hopes for Peace Fade Hopes Kansas-Nebraska Act Gave people living there the choice by Gave voting Hundreds moved in to “vote” on whether to be a free or slave state. be Tempers FLARED and over 200 people Tempers were killed in the dispute were Nicknamed “ Bleeding Kansas” Nicknamed Bleeding Dred Scott Case Dred Supreme Court ruled that once a slave, Supreme living in a free state, didn’t change that. living Said Scott had “none of the rights and Said privileges” of American citizens privileges” Also said Congress had no right to outlaw Also slavery because the Constitution protects people’s right to own PROPERTY and slaves were PROPERTY!!! slaves Abraham Lincoln works for Change Abraham Violence because of the Kansas-Nebraska act Violence got everyone’s attention got Abraham Lincoln was against the SPREAD of Abraham slavery slavery Republican Party formed to fight the spread of Republican slavery. slavery. Lincoln ran for Senator Lincoln Stephen A. Douglas, author of the KansasStephen Nebraska Act, was his OPPONENT! The battle Nebraska is ON……… is The Lincoln-Douglas Debates The Abraham Lincoln Tall, thin man from Tall, the frontier the Wore plain dark Wore clothes clothes Not well known Stephen Douglas Heavy and a foot Heavy shorter than Lincoln shorter Well educated Well Wore fine clothes Wore Senator Well known Both were powerful public speakers Douglas Douglas Each new state should decide the slavery Each question for itself. question Lincoln Lincoln “The framers of the Constitution intended The slavery to end.” slavery The problem is that slavery is WRONG! Senate Winner Senate Stephen Douglas was re-elected to the Stephen Senate. Senate. But….now everyone knew who Abraham But….now Lincoln was!!! Lincoln Douglas Wins! Lesson 4 Lesson A Time for Hard DECISIONS The Election of 1860 The Democratic Party candidate: Douglas Democratic Party south: Breckinridge Republican Party: LINCOLN Stephen A. Douglas Stephen West should decide for themselves about West slavery. slavery. John Breckinridge John Democratic candidate popular with Democratic southerners southerners Government should allow slavery Government everywhere in the West. everywhere Abraham Lincoln Abraham Republican candidate Against the SPREAD of slavery Promised not to stop slavery in the South Promised where it was already practiced. where Said he hoped it would one day END Said there, too. there, Worried White Southerners Worried Many in the South were afraid if Lincoln Many were elected, slavery would be outlawed. were Some even said they would LEAVE the Some Union if Lincoln was elected. Union Lincoln Elected President Lincoln November 6, 1860 December 20, 1860 South Carolina’s leaders December seceded from the Union. seceded Later SIX other southern states seceded: – – – – – – Mississippi Florida Alabama Georgia Louisiana Texas The Confederate States of America The South Carolina Mississippi Florida Louisiana Alabama Georgia Texas Fort Sumter Fort Some advised Lincoln to “Let the states Some go” go” Others said, “Give in on the slavery Others question.” question.” Still others said, “Use the ARMY to end Still their revolt!” their Lincoln’s Choices Lincoln’s He wanted to prevent war. “We are not enemies, but friends.” THE VERY NEXT DAY THE An important message came from An Major Robert Anderson commander at Fort Sumter: commander Urgent! Urgent! Message from Commander Anderson Supplies at the Fort are almost gone. If new supplies are not sent soon, we will be forced to surrender the fort to the Confederacy. What to Do??? What If I send supplies…Southerners might If attack. attack. If I send troops….Southerners WILL If attack. attack. If I do nothing…the commander will have If to surrender. to Decision Decision Lincoln decided to send supply ships Lincoln And see what the Southerners would do And Confederate President Davis Confederate Davis decided to take over the fort Davis BEFORE the supply ships arrived. BEFORE Demanded them to surrender. NEVER! The Confederate troops FIRED on the fort, The Major Anderson and his men ran out of ammunition and had to give up. ammunition The Civil War has Begun! The Lincoln called for Americans to join the Lincoln army to stop the rebellion. army Frightened southern states not in the Frightened Confederacy now joined with the other 7 states. states. Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Virginia, Carolina 11 States Strong 11 ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course EL ED 365 taught by Professor Brothermercier during the Fall '11 term at BYU.

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