18 Causes of the Civil War

18 Causes of the Civil War - Leading to a Civil War...

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Leading to a Civil War Instructor: Carol Jean Cox Instructor: Carol Jean Cox
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LEADING TO A CIVIL WAR Events Leading to the Secession of the South Events Leading to the Secession of the South The Confederate States of America The Confederate States of America Causes Leading to the Civil War Causes Leading to the Civil War
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Leading to a Civil War Events leading to the Secession of the South Sucession "to withdraw formally from a union or alliance” Southern individual states nullified their ratification of the U.S. constitution
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The Process of Secession
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Leading to a Civil War Events leading to the Secession of the South Political Sectionalism Missouri Compromise 1820 Missouri - slave state Maine - free state Entry of states into the Union have to be balanced - one free/one slave Gag Rule of 1836 Compromise of 1850 California a free state Slavery allowed in the other territories acquired from Mexico
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Slave and Free Territories Under the Compromise of 1850
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Leading to a Civil War Events leading to the Secession of the South Political Sectionalism Despite territorial gains emerged from the Mexican American War, Americans were more divided than ever North denounced war as a southern project for expanding slavery David Wilmot - Wilmot Proviso no slavery in Mexican Territory Many hoping the Compromise of 1850 had finally settled slavery
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Leading to a Civil War Events leading to the Secession of the South Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854 organized 2 new federal territories repealed section of Missouri Compromise prohibiting slavery in states/territories north of 36º 30’ latitude people decide (popular sovereignty) “Bleeding Kansas”
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Leading to a Civil War Events leading to the Secession of the South Change in 2 party system Democrats & Whigs Democrats (dough faces) needed northern candidate to win because of the number of southerners F. Pierce 1852, J. Buchanan 1856, Douglas ? Whigs divided sectionally North & South too far apart on slavery issue to hold party together
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Leading to a Civil War Events leading to the Secession of the South Change in 2 party system Democrats & Whigs Whigs & Free Soilers = Republicans * only a northern party tolerate slavery in south unwilling to accept it's expansion
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course EL ED 365 taught by Professor Brothermercier during the Fall '11 term at BYU.

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18 Causes of the Civil War - Leading to a Civil War...

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