mm_ppt_americanexpansion_1763-1867

mm_ppt_americanexpansion_1763-1867 - A Century of Expansion...

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Unformatted text preview: A Century of Expansion A Century of Expansion The Realization of America’s Destiny: 1763­1867 Before Independence Before Independence Britain wins the French & Indian War Royal government needs to pay off war debts – will lead to Stamp Act etc; Colonial expansion restricted by the Proclamation Line of 1763 Gains of the Gains of the Revolutionary War Treaty of Paris ­ 1783 Living space from Appalachians west to the Mississippi River Eases population pressure on the Atlantic seaboard The Louisiana Purchase The Louisiana Purchase Napoleon and France did not hold onto it for long! The Louisiana Purchase The Louisiana Purchase In 1803 President Jefferson just wanted New Orleans. Sec. of State Madison got all 900,000 acres for $15 million. The Louisiana The Louisiana Purchase Was the purchase legal? Jefferson’s argument What did we just buy? The need to find out, leads to Lewis & Clark Expedition Lewis & Clark, and Zebulon Lewis & Clark, and Zebulon Pike Lewis & Clark expedition reaches the Pacific Ocean Zebulon Pike explores the Rocky Mountains in southern Louisiana territory Which nations might be concerned by U.S. encroachment? Unfinished Unfinished Business in Florida General Andrew Jackson invades , then stays Transcontinental Treaty (Adams­ Onis) 1819 Spain ­ weakened and distracted by revolution Seminole Indians rise up against settlers Missouri Compromise ­ 1820 Missouri Compromise ­ 1820 Need arises because of the slavery issue Missouri Compromise ­ 1820 Missouri Compromise ­ 1820 Missouri added as a slave state Will new latitude boundary be enforced? Maine added as a free state Issue of slavery temporarily solved Don’t Mess with Texas: Don’t Mess with Texas: Independence & the Mexican­American War Mexico gains freedom from Spain ­ 1821 Stephen F. Austin founds the colony of Texas – 1822 Texas War for Independence 1835­6 Santa Anna, Travis Don’t Mess with Texas: Don’t Mess with Texas: Independence & the Mexican­American War ­Annexation of Texas: 1845 ­President James K. Polk defends U.S. actions & interest ­Mexican­American War: 1846­8 ­The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Gadsden Gadsden Purchase: 1853 30,000 sq. miles for $10 million Done primarily for mining & railroad interests Oregon Country: Claiming the Northwest Territories American interest grows after Lewis & Clark expedition 2,000 mile journey on the Oregon Trail to get there Oregon Country: Claiming the Northwest Territories American settlers want land as far north as possible 54­40’ or Fight argument led by James Polk Agreement with Britain reached at 49th Parallel Alaska: 1867 Alaska: 1867 Seward’s Folly? I don’t think so! The Dream of 1763 The Dream of 1763 Realized by 1867 But how would the closing of the frontier affect ...
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