06Constitution and New Republic, 1776-1800

06Constitution and New Republic, 1776-1800 - Constitution...

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Constitution and New Republic, 1776-1800
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Philadelphia Convention ‘87 Washington agrees to preside only after Shays’ Rebellion Complete overhaul of fed. gov’t on the agenda Weaknesses of Art. of Con. obvious Fear of centralized gov’t still strong
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Madison and the VA Plan Madison, Randolph and other Virginians dominate early proceedings Executive, legislative, and judicial branches called for by Randolph Bicameral Congress Lower house by pop Lower chooses upper
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Small States Respond (NJ Plan) Patterson calls for unicameral Congress Equal rep. for all states Increased taxing/interstate power VA Plan supporters knew they had to compromise with the small states to ensure ratification
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The Great Compromise Bicameral Congress created House of Rep. (Lower) elected based on pop. 3/5 compromise Senate (Upper) equal rep. for all states Appointed by state leg.
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Southern delegates worry about the legality of slavery and the fed. gov’t interfering with it
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06Constitution and New Republic, 1776-1800 - Constitution...

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