Judicial Process Chapter 1

Judicial Process Chapter 1 - Chapter Topics...

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Chapter Topics Courts and Government Courts as Legal Institutions Courts as Political Institutions Courts and Controversy
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  Political Science …is the systematic study of government and politics.  Courts are the third branch of government  Courts are  different from  and  similar too  the other  branches of government   Judicial Process  discusses the legal and political  characteristics of law and courts Courts and Government
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Courts and the Constitution  Courts are charged with interpreting Constitutions Judges on the US Supreme Court interpret the US  Constitution (e.g.,  Roe v. Wade  1973) Judges on state supreme courts interpret state  constitutions (e.g. Does the MA Constitution  require recognizing same-sex marriages?)
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Courts and Federalism  Courts are divided along federal and state lines.   The relationship between federal and state power is  frequently controversial. The US Supreme Court can declare any law  unconstitutional -- sometimes these are state/local  laws  Brown v. Board of Education  (1954) declared  Topeka, KS actions unconstitutional  Controversial decisions continue today – e.g.  Death penalty restrictions
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Courts and the President  Presidents view the courts as part of their political  agenda.  They appoint judges and their lawyers bring  cases and defend the president in Court.  there is frequently disagreement about who  should be judge  there is tension between the president and  courts (e.g., Wiretapping judgment)  Governors and mayors also use the courts to  advance their policy objectives.
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Courts and Legislatures  Courts and legislatures compete for institutional  balance.  courts interpret and question the legality of  legislation  legislatures control the jurisdiction of courts and  influence their composition
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Courts and Elections  Courts are frequently involved in election 
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course EL ED 365 taught by Professor Brothermercier during the Fall '11 term at BYU.

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Judicial Process Chapter 1 - Chapter Topics...

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