The_Federal_Court_System

The_Federal_Court_System - The Federal Court System and...

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The Federal Court System …and Justice For All
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The Adversarial System Courts settle civil disputes between private parties, a private party and the government, or the United States and a state or local government. Each side presents its position. The court applies the law and decides in favor of one or the other.
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Prosecuting the accused Courts also hold criminal trials for people accused of crimes. Witnesses present evidence and a jury or a judge delivers a verdict of guilt or innocence.
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Rights of the Accused All accused people have the right to a public trial and a lawyer. If they cannot afford a lawyer, the court will appoint and pay for one. (Gideon v. Wainwright, 1963) Accused people are considered innocent until proven guilty. They may ask for a review of their case by a higher court if they think the court has made a mistake. This review is called an appeal .
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The American Legal System The goal of the legal system is equal justice under the law. This goal is difficult to achieve. Why is the goal of equal justice under the law difficult to achieve?
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The US Federal Court System
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U.S. District Courts District courts are the federal courts where trials are held and lawsuits are begun. All states have at least one.
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The_Federal_Court_System - The Federal Court System and...

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