Unformatted text preview: The Constitutional Convention
Copy the following notes.
Copy The Constitutional
Convention 1787 - Philadelphia
Delegates from all the
states invited to a
convention to improve
the Articles of
were not working
Only RI didn’t attend
attended Leaders of the Convention
Leaders George Washington was asked to
preside (lead) over the convention.
James Madison kept notes of the
discussions and is often called “The
Father of the Constitution.”
The men who wrote the Constitution are
called the “Founding Fathers.”
All the participants in the Convention
were wealthy, white, males. The Founding Fathers
The Issues that divided the
Nation’s The power of the federal government. Would the
states or the federal government have the most
Representation in Congress (How many
members on Congress would each state get? –
small states wanted equal representation, large
states wanted it to be determined by population
of the states
Slavery – How would slaves be counted? Would
the slave trade continue?
the The Virginia Plan Called for a new national government. Threw
out the Articles of Confederation
Three separate branches of government. –
a legislative branch, executive branch, and
Representation in the legislative branch based
on population of state
Large states like the plan, small states don’t. New Jersey Plan
New Legislature - has one house.
Each state gets one vote.
Small states like the plan, the large states
There would have to be a compromise. The Great Compromise
The Legislature would have two houses
(parts): House of Representatives and a
House - based on the population of state
Senate - two senators per each state Slavery
Slavery The Southern states refused to approve
the Constitution unless slavery continued.
It was a terrible compromise to make, but
the Northern states had no choice if they
wanted a Constitution.
3/5 Compromise - Made each slave worth
3/5 of a vote in deciding numbers in
House of Representatives
Congress can not ban the slave trade
View Full Document
- Fall '11
- Separation of Powers