AmericanRevolutionAndCriticalPeriodThroughMaps

AmericanRevolutionAndCriticalPeriodThroughMaps - Ms. Susan...

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Unformatted text preview: Ms. Susan M. Pojer Ms. Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY NY On the Eve of the On Revolution ? Revolution Brita in B rita Am e ric a ns Advantages ? ? Disadvantages ? ? Loyalist Loyalist Strongholds Washington’s Headaches Washington’s Only 1/3 of the colonists were in favor of a war for independence [the other third were Loyalists, and the final third were neutral]. State/colony loyalties. Congress couldn’t tax to raise money for the Continental Army. Poor training [until the arrival of Baron von Steuben. Exports & Imports: 1768-1783 Exports Military Strategies Military The Americans Attrition [the Brits had a long supply line]. Guerilla tactics [fight an insurgent war you don’t have to win a battle, just wear the British down] Make an alliance with one of Britain’s enemies. The British Break the colonies in half by getting between the No. & the So. Blockade the ports to prevent the flow of goods and supplies from an ally. “Divide and Conquer” use the Loyalists. Phase I: The Northern Campaign Phase The [1775-1776] Bunker Hill (June, 1775) Bunker The British suffered over 40% casualties. Phase II: Phase NY & PA [1777-1778] New York City in Flames New (1776) Washington Crossing the Delaware Washington Painted by Emanuel Leutze, 1851 Saratoga: “Turning Point” “Turning of the War? A modern-day re-enactment Phase III: The Southern Strategy Phase [1780-1781] [1780-1781] Britain’s “Southern Strategy” Britain’s Britain thought that there were more Loyalists in the South. Southern resources were more valuable/worth preserving. The British win a number of small victories, but cannot pacify the countryside [similar to U. S. failures in Vietnam!] Good US General: Nathanial Greene The Battle of Yorktown (1781) The Count de Rochambeau Admiral De Grasse Cornwallis’ Surrender at Yorktown: Cornwallis’ “The World Turned Upside Down!” “The World Turned Upside Down!” Painted by John Trumbull, 1797 North America After the North Treaty of Paris, 1783 Wholesale Wholesale Price Index: 1770-1789 Federalist vs. Anti-Federalist Federalist Strongholds at the End of the War Weaknesses of the Weaknesses Articles of Confederation A unicameral Congress [9 of 13 votes to pass a law]. 13 out of 13 to amend. Representatives were frequently absent. Could not tax or raise armies. No executive or judicial branches. State Constitutions State Republicanism. Most had strong governors with veto power. Most had bicameral legislatures. Property required for voting. Some had universal white male suffrage. Most had bills of rights. Many had a continuation of stateestablished religions while others disestablished religion. Occupational Composition of Several State Assemblies Several in the 1780s Indian Land Cessions: Indian 1768-1799 Disputed Territorial Claims Disputed Between Spain & the U. S.: 1783-1796 State Claims to Western Lands State Land Ordinance of 1785 Land Northwest Ordinance of 1787 Northwest One of the major accomplishments of the Confederation Congress! Statehood achieved in three stages: 1. Congress appointed 3 judges & a governor to govern the territory. 2. When population reached 5,000 adult male landowners elect territorial legislature. 3. When population reached 60,000 elect delegates to a state constitutional convention. The United States in 1787 The American Exports, To & From Britain: 1783-1789 Britain: Annapolis Convention (1786) Annapolis 12 representatives from 5 states [NY, NJ, PA, DE, VA] GOAL address barriers that limited trade and commerce between the states. Not enough states were represented to make any real progress. Sent a report to the Congress to call a meeting of all the states to meet in Philadelphia to examine areas broader than just trade and commerce. Shays’ Rebellion: 1786-7 Shays’ Daniel Shays Western MA Small farmers angered by crushing debts and taxes. Shays’ Rebellion: 1786-7 Shays’ Shays’ Rebellion: 1786-7 Shays’ There could be no stronger evidence of the want of energy in our governments than these disorders. -- George Washington ...
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