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Unformatted text preview: North America in 1750
North 1754 The First Clash
British French Fort Necessity
* George Washington
* Delaware & Shawnee
Indians 1754 Albany Plan of
Ben Franklin representatives from
New England, NY, MD, PA A Albany Congress failed Iroquois
broke off relations with
Britain & threatened to
trade with the French. 1755 Br. Decides to
Eliminate Fr. Presence in
Gen. Edward Braddock evict the
French from the OH Valley & Canada
(Newfoundland & Nova Scotia)
A Attacks OH Valley, Mohawk Valley,
A Killed 10 mi. from Ft. Duquesne by 1500 French and Indian forces. Only Br. Success expelled France
from Louisiana. CAJUNS
CAJUNS 1756 War Is Formally
de Native American tribes
exploited both sides! British-American Colonial
British • Indian-style guerilla • March in formation or
tactics. • Col. militias served
Organization: under own captains. • Br. officers wanted to
take charge of colonials. Military
Discipline: • No mil. deference or
protocols observed. • Drills & tough
discipline. Finances: • Resistance to rising
taxes. • Colonists should pay
for their own defense. Demeanor: • Casual,
non-professionals. • Prima Donna Br.
officers with servants
& tea settings. 1757 William Pitt Becomes
A He understood colonial concerns.
He A He offered them a compromise:
He - col. loyalty & mil. cooperation-->Br.
would reimburse col. assemblies for
- Lord Loudoun would be removed.
RESULTS? Colonial morale
increased by 1758. 1758-1761 The Tide Turns
for * By 1761, Sp. has become an ally of Fr.
By 1763 Treaty of Paris
France --> lost her Canadian possessions,
most of her empire in India, and claims
to lands east of the Mississippi River.
Spain --> got all French lands west of the
Mississippi River, New Orleans, but lost
Florida to England.
England --> got all French lands in Canada,
exclusive rights to Caribbean slave trade,
and commercial dominance
in North America in 1763
North Effects of the War
1. It increased her colonial empire in
2. It greatly enlarged England’s debt.
3. Britain’s contempt for the colonials
created bitter feelings.
Therefore, England felt that a
major reorganization of her
American Empire was necessary!
American Effects of the War on the
1. It united them against a
common enemy for the first
2. It created a socializing
experience for all the
colonials who participated.
3. It created bitter feelings
towards the British that
would only intensify. The Aftermath: Tensions
Along the Frontier
1763 Pontiac’s Rebellion
Pontiac’s Fort Detroit
British “gifts” of smallpox-infected
blankets from Fort Pitt.
blankets Pontiac’s Rebellion (1763)
Line of 1763. Colonials Paxton Boys (PA)
Colonials Rethinking Their Empire
Br. Gvt. measures to prevent
A 1761 writs of assistance
writs James Otis’ case
James Protection of a citizen’s
private property must be
held in higher regard
than a parliamentary
statute. He lost parliamentary
law and custom had equal
weight. George Grenville’s
1. Sugar Act - 1764
2. Currency Act - 1764
3. Quartering Act - 1765
4. Stamp Act - 1765 Theories of Representation
Q-> What was the extent of Parliament’s
authority over the colonies?? Absolute? OR
Limited? Q-> How could the colonies give or
withhold consent for parliamentary
legislation when they did not have
representation in that body?? Stamp Act Crisis
Loyal Nine - 1765
Sons of Liberty – began in
Adams Stamp Act Congress – 1765
* Stamp Act Resolves
Stamp Declaratory Act – 1766
1766 Townshend Duties Crisis:
1767 William Pitt, P. M. & Charles
Townshend, Secretary of
A Shift from paying taxes for Br. war
debts & quartering of troops paying col. govt. salaries.
A He diverted revenue collection from
internal to external trade. A Tax these imports paper, paint,
lead, glass, tea. A Increase custom officials at
American ports established a
Board of Customs in Boston. Colonial Response to the
1. John Dickinson 1768
* Letters from a Farmer in
2. 1768 2nd non-importation
* “Daughters of Liberty”
* spinning bees
3. Riots against customs agents:
* John Hancock’s ship, the
* 4000 British troops sent
to Boston. ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course EL ED 365 taught by Professor Brothermercier during the Fall '11 term at BYU.
- Fall '11