Colonial Religion

Colonial Religion - Colonial America Most colonies had...

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Colonial America
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• Most colonies had established churches – But civil and ecclesiastical authorities had a difficult time enforcing religious authority by 1700 • Denominationalism—the spread of competing churches—arose in the colonies in the 18 th century – Baptists, Methodists, Moravians, Reformists, Moravians, Lutherans all competed with established churches for members
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• Puritan (or Congregational) churches suffered a number of crises in late 17 th c. – Declining church membership • Halfway Covenant – Lack of doctrinal conformity • Church synods in Mass. – Opposition to established status – Salem Witch Trials
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• No established church dominated in the Middle Colonies – Diverse population and doctrines of religious toleration allowed many denominations • Religion flourished in Middle Colonies – 1750, region had more congregations per capita than any other colonial region, even New England
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Religion in the Southern Colonies • Anglicanism the established religion in all S. colonies – Anglican church had official government sanction, and public funds paid the clergy – Colonists not members of the Anglican Church were labeled as “dissenters” • dissenting Protestant sects appealed only to lower classes – All the elites were members of the Anglican church • Problems for the Anglican church in the South – Shortage of trained clergy
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course EL ED 365 taught by Professor Brothermercier during the Fall '11 term at BYU.

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Colonial Religion - Colonial America Most colonies had...

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