RestorationColonies

RestorationColonies - Ms Susan M Pojer Ms Horace Greeley HS...

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Ms. Susan M. Pojer Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
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New York
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Settling the Middle  Settling the Middle  [or “Restoration”] Colonies [or “Restoration”] Colonies
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Old Netherlanders at  Old Netherlanders at  New Netherlands New Netherlands 1600s   Golden Age of Dutch history. Major commercial and naval power. Challenging England on the seas. 3 major Anglo-Dutch Wars Major colonial power [mainly in the East  Indies].
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Henry Hudson’s Voyages Henry Hudson’s Voyages
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New Netherlands New Netherlands New Netherlands   founded in the Hudson  River area (1623-1624) Established by Dutch West India Company for  quick-profit fur trade. Company wouldn’t pay much attention to the  colony. Manhattan [New Amsterdam] Purchased by Company for pennies per (22,000)  acre.
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Company town  run in interests  of the  stockholders. No interest in  religious  toleration, free  speech, or democracy. Governors appointed by the Company were autocratic. Religious dissenters against Dutch Reformed Church [including  Quakers] were persecuted. Local assembly with limited power to make laws established after  repeated protests by colonists. New Amsterdam Harbor, 1639 New Amsterdam Harbor, 1639
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New Amsterdam, 1660 New Amsterdam, 1660 Characteristics of New Amsterdam: Aristocratic    patroonships  [feudal estates granted to  promoters who would settle 50 people on them].  Cosmopolitan   diverse population with many different  languages.
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New York New York Manors & Manors & Land Grants Land Grants Patroonships Patroonships
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New Netherlands  & New Netherlands  & New Sweden New Sweden
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Swedes in New Netherlands Swedes in New Netherlands Mid-1600s   Sweden in Golden Age settled small,  under-funded colony [called  “New Sweden” ] near  New Netherland. 1655   Dutch under  director-general  Peter Stuyvesant   attack New Sweden. Main fort fell after  bloodless siege. New Sweden absorbed  into New Netherland.
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New Netherlands Becomes a British  New Netherlands Becomes a British  Royal Colony Royal Colony Charles II granted New Netherland’s land to his  brother, the Duke of York, [before he controlled the  area!] 1664   English soldiers arrived.
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