1. Founding the Thirteen Colonies

1. Founding the Thirteen Colonies - THE THIRTEEN COLONIES...

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THE THIRTEEN COLONIES England plants colonies in North America
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Sir Walter Raleigh Named the land in North America he claimed for England Virginia For Queen Elizabeth-the “virgin queen” Planted the first English Colony on Roanoke Island (off the coast of what is now North Carolina)
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1585 Roanoke Colony “The Lost Colony”
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Joint Stock Company originally funded and maintained English colonies Several investors who pooled their wealth in support of a colony Business venture for profit
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CHARTER an official permit to start a colony from the English monarch who was entitled to a portion of the profits
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COLONY # 1 VIRGINIA
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FIRST LASTING SETTLEMENT Jamestown FOUNDED 1607 LEADER John Smith
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Virginia Company Joint Stock Company that funded the settlement of Jamestown Charter from King James I Jamestown, James River , etc… named for the king
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John Smith Became a leader of the Jamestown colony its first winter at age 28 “If any would not work, neither should he eat.” Developed a relationship with the Powhatan tribe Left Jamestown 1607 : gunpowder accident
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The Starving Time : 1609-10 1609 – 600 new colonists 1610- only 60 survive Some accounts of cannibalism “sharp prick of hunger which no man can truly describe but he who hath tasted the bitterness thereof.”- CAPTAIN GEORGE PERCY –governor of Jamestown
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Pocohantas daughter of Chief Powhatan defends the life of John Smith marries John Rolfe
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John Rolfe Created a strain of tobacco that could become a cash crop for the Jamestown colonists
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Tobacco Economy required a labor force HEADRIGHT SYSTEM (1618) INDENTURED SERVANTS SLAVERY (1619)
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1619: The House of Burgesses An elected legislative body Burgess = a person invested with all the privileges of a citizen Male landowners over age 17 eligible to vote for representatives Any decision required the approval of the Virginia Company in London First seed of American democracy
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COLONY # 2 MASSACHUSETTS
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FIRST SETTLEMENT Plymouth FOUNDED 1620
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1. Founding the Thirteen Colonies - THE THIRTEEN COLONIES...

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