The Middle Colonies-2

The Middle Colonies-2 - TheMiddleColonies The breadbasket...

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The Middle Colonies The breadbasket colonies”
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Overview THE MIDDLE  COLONIES   Society in the middle  colonies was made up of  settlers from many  different countries, many  different religious groups,  and was much more  tolerant than in the New  England Colonies. Settlers from all over  Europe came for new  opportunity and greater  freedoms.
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Pennsylvania Algonquian and Iroquoian Native Americans lived in the Pennsylvania region when Dutch explorers first visited in 1609. Henry Hudson sent word of the area after sailing into the Delaware Bay in search of a trade route to Asia. In 1615, Cornelius Hendricksen reached what is now Philadelphia .
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Sweden established the first permanent settlements near  Philadelphia in 1643.  Dutch troops conquered the area in  1655 until England conquered it in 1664.   In 1681, King Charles II granted the land to William Penn.   He named the region Sylvania, meaning “woods”.  “Penn”  was added later by the King in honor of William’s father. 
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William Penn, a Quaker, desired  religious freedom and self- government for all who settled in  Pennsylvania.   Shortly after arriving, Penn  signed treaties with the Native  Americans and paid them for  the land he was given by the  King of England In 1682, he founded the city of  Philadelphia.  Penn returned to  England in 1684.   Several conflicts arose in his  absence, and many changes  resulted in Pennsylvania’s  government. 
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In many ways, Pennsylvania  and Delaware owed their  initial success to William  Penn.  Under his guidance,  Pennsylvania functioned  smoothly and grew rapidly.  By 1685 its population was  almost 9,000.  The heart of the colony was  Philadelphia, a city soon to be  known for its broad, tree- shaded streets, substantial  brick and stone houses, and  busy docks.
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Although the Quakers dominated in Philadelphia, elsewhere in  Pennsylvania other groups were well represented. Germans 
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The Middle Colonies-2 - TheMiddleColonies The breadbasket...

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