Middle Colonies

Middle Colonies - THE MIDDLE COLONIES Included New York...

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THE MIDDLE COLONIES Least English of all the North American colonies Most tolerant of religious and ethnic diversity Demonstrated features that would later characterize American society as a whole Included New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware
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NEW NETHERLANDS Claimed by Dutch Began to settle area in 1624 Named it “New Netherlands” Collection of fortified trading posts to engage in fur trade with Indians Plan never worked well By 1640 the colony only held 5000 discontented settlers Angry at sloppy and haphazard administration Angry at having most of their profits siphoned off by merchants headquartered in New Amsterdam At the same time, English settlers from New England moved into area and refused to recognize authority of Dutch administrators
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ENGLISH TAKE OVER English government recognized problems in New Netherlands and exploited situation Four British warships landed soldiers at New Amsterdam in 1664 and forced Dutch governor to surrender colony
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BIRTH OF NEW YORK King Charles II gives entire colony to his brother, James, Duke of York A “proprietary colony Owned by a single individual Colony renamed New York New Amsterdam renamed New York City James, Duke of York
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DIVERSITY AND TOLERATION Because colony included Dutch settlers, English authorities were forced to tolerate ethnic and religious differences right from the start Policy of toleration made colony somewhat attractive to dissatisfied people from other colonies and from various foreign countries in addition to England Dutch cabin in New York
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NEW YORK GENTRY Duke of York gave huge tracts of land to friends 12 friends received 2 million acres each in the 1690s Created powerful aristocratic class in colony Made it difficult for ordinary people to buy land and become independent small farmers Had to rent land from gentry and become tenant farmers This fact restricted immigration to New York despite its other attractions Two members of New York gentry
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PENNSYLVANIA Became haven for persecuted religious group in England The Quakers
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Middle Colonies - THE MIDDLE COLONIES Included New York...

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