US History - Lesson Plan - Puritan Salem Witch Trials - 10-3-07 (1)

US History - Lesson Plan - Puritan Salem Witch Trials - 10-3-07 (1)

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Unformatted text preview: Puritan Salem Witch Trials Trials Great Awakening Growth in Salem Town Growth Spreads inland quickly so a new community Spreads forms – Salem Village. forms “Villagers” want own Church, Minister & Villagers” New Meeting House. New Early support by “Town” declines over Early political influence – access to property, family inheritances and wealth. inheritances “Village” Leadership Tough “Village” Minister Parris challenges “Town” powers Village” the prominent Putnam family, living along border of “Town” and “Village”. Battle is over influence in community affairs. “Village” seeks more independence from “Town” “Town” officials vote against “Village” on many Town” issues issues Becomes rich vs. poor struggle Salem Accusers & Defenders Defenders Targeted Accusations Targeted Minister Parris and his allies accused Minister vulnerable Putnam family members and friends to intimidate them and force them to back off their political goals in Salem Village. Village. The June 10, 1692 hanging of Bridget Bishop The Gory Statistics Gory From June through September of 1692: From - 19 men and women, convicted of witchcraft, were carted to Gallows 19 Hill, a barren slope near Salem Village, for hanging. - Another man of over eighty years was pressed to death under heavy stones for refusing to submit to a trial on witchcraft charges. stones - At least four accused witches had died in prison. - One to two hundred other persons were arrested and imprisoned on One witchcraft charges. witchcraft - Two dogs were executed as suspected accomplices of witches. Two Theories About How Theories Girls affected by symptoms of “possession” Girls were encouraged to fake them by Parris & his supporters. supporters. Girls from broken families were seeking Girls attention, but went to far… Victims of “ergot poisoning”. Ergot is a Victims fungus on bread that produces the chemical LSD. From Science Vol. 192 (2 April 1976) Science Great Awakening Great Awakenings resulted often after times of stress Awakenings in communities. in Periods of renewed “piety” and devotion. 1739-1769 – George Whitfield “acted” out 1739-1769 sermons – brought back many who had strayed. strayed. Great Awakening Great Jonathan Edwards – Church attendance is not Jonathan enough to gain salvation – must FEEL sin! enough “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” Sinners a fiery sermon that scared people. fiery Resulted in interest in higher education – Resulted Princeton, Brown, Columbia, Dartmouth Dartmouth ...
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