Adams, A - The History of Corn

Adams, A - The History of Corn - The History of Corn from...

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Unformatted text preview: The History of Corn from 1400 of BC-Late 1800s Mesoamerica’s Gift to the Native Gift Americans Americans Kansas History Project Kansas July 2006 Lesson designed Lesson for 8th grade for Integrated Spanish Integrated Mrs. Amelia Adams Contributor Lesson Goal Lesson Students will study the history Students of corn and its impact on the Native Americans in Kansas through various medias. through Kansas State Standards Kansas History Benchmark # 3 – The student uses a History working knowledge and understanding of individuals, groups, ideas, events, eras, and development in the history of Kansas, the United States, and the world. United Spanish Benchmark #2, indicator #4 –The Spanish student explores social and geographic factors that affect cultural practices. Materials Needed Materials Maps of Central America and Kansas Video of Children of Guatemala Video “Mayan Creation Story” “Pawnee Creation Story” Venn Diagram Venn Various types of corn to share in class “The Story of the Corn Husk Doll” How to Make a Corn Husk Doll Corn Tortillas Corn Grinder More Materials More “How Corn Came to the Earth” The History of Corn Native American Recipes of Corn Carl Barnes (Corn Grower from Turpin) Student’s parent to demonstrate making corn Student’s tortillas tortillas Items made from corn today, poster board Items class project class Overhead, pictures, books, various Indians Overhead, tales about corn tales Information about the corn dance Lesson Vocabulary Lesson Mesoamerican-Central American indigenous Mesoamerican-Central groups. groups. Indigenous-native to a particular area Aztecs-an indigenous group from Mexico Maya-an indigenous group from Central America Maize-another word for corn Ritual-a religious ceremony Artifacts-articles made or modified by people. Mounds-round domes of dirt where Indian Mounds-round women grew corn. women Tortilla-a flat round bread made from corn or Tortilla-a flour. flour. Activity One Activity First create a KWL chart with the class to First display in the classroom throughout the unit. Complete the last day of unit. Complete Use maps to show important locations. Give students a brief handout about the Give the history of corn. Have students read it silently, then do a read, think, share activity with a partner. Then discuss in class. Make sure all students understand the vocabulary. sure Activity 2 Activity Read with a partner the Mayan Creation Story. Discuss as a class. Write down in their class. journals 5 ideas from the story. journals Watch the Mayan Story of Watch Creation on Guatemalan video. Creation Compare stories. Types of Corn Raised by the Native Americans Native Corn Husking and Corn Scraping Tools Scraping Activity 3 Activity Read the story, Pawnee Creation Story and use a Venn Diagram to compare and contrast it to the Mayan Creation and story. Use the overhead to do this activity with the class. Also discuss with what the word corn means what in both cultures. Activity 4 Activity Discuss the various ways the Aztec, Maya, and Kansas Indians used corn in their cultures. Show various pictures on overhead of tools, and how corn was used in rituals . Discuss their seed selection and how they stored corn. How did they know when to plant corn? Special Guest Special Carl Barnes from Turpin will share with the class his share knowledge about corn and the knowledge impact it had on the Indians culture. He will bring various artifacts and example He of corn. of Indian Legend Indian The class will read the legend, “How Corn Came to the Earth”. Compare it to the other legends about corn. Who is MotherCorn? Activity 7 Activity Discuss with the class the Discuss various foods the groups ate from corn. Such as tortillas, tamales, beverages, sweets, breads, tamales, and puddings. Show the corn grinder, have a and student’s mother demonstrate how to student’s make corn tortillas. Give each group a different corn recipe to take home to make and report to corn the class about its taste and texture. Other Uses of Corn Other Indians used all the parts of the corn plant. The husks could be braided and woven to make could masks, moccasins, sleeping mats, baskets or cornhusk dolls. Corncobs could be used for fuel, for game darts or for ceremonial use. ceremonial Activity 8 Activity First read, “The Story of the Cornhusk Doll”. Teach the students how to make cornhusk dolls. Give students the handout sheet explaining sheet the process. the Corn Dance Corn Corn Dance Activity Corn Have students research the importance of Have Corn Dance on the internet and its meaning in the Native American culture. Students look at the handout and try to perform the dance and sing the song. perform Student Project Student Students use various colors of corn and create a corn mosaic using either an Aztec, Maya, or Indian Aztec, pattern on a fourth sheet of pattern poster board. Complete the KWL chart Complete with the class. with Assessment Assessment Teacher will continually assess students throughout the project visually, orally, and with daily exit slips. daily Students will write a 4-paragraph essay answering the following questions. answering Where did corn come from? Where How did the people groups use corn in their culture? their Which story did you enjoy most and why? Which How did corn impact the Indian culture? How GUEST Carl Barnes, Turpin, OK Carl Resources Resources BOOKS Kalman, Bobbie- Prairie Recipes Prairie Napier, Rita- Kansas and the West: New Perspectives (2003) (2003) WEBSITES www.alexm.here.ru/mirrors.com www.alexm.here.ru/mirrors.com www.bellaonline.com www.bellaonline.com www.bluewolfspirit.com www.bluewolfspirit.com www.campsilos.org www.campsilos.org www.earthlypursuits.com www.earthlypursuits.com www.indigenouspeople.net www.indigenouspeople.net www.kshs.org www.kshs.org www.mnsu.edu www.mnsu.edu www.scienceviews.com www.scienceviews.com www.teachersfirst.com www.teachersfirst.com www.tricountyfarm.org www.tricountyfarm.org VIDEOS Children of the World, Guatemala, West Middle School Children ...
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