PGAENezPerce - NEZ PERCE NATION The life that we have is...

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NEZ PERCE NATION “The life that we have is the life that we want to hold on to--our Indian ways. These ways were left here from our old people. Our ancestors done it that way-one heart to the other. It's still here.” -- Nez Perce elder Horace Axtell Zoltan Grossman Geography/Native American Studies The Evergreen State College Olympia, Washington
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The homeland of the Nez Perce (Nimiipu) Nation once encompassed 13.2 million acres in Oregon, Idaho, and Washington.
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After the arrival of the Spanish to North America, the Nez Perce became known for their vast herds of Appaloosa horses and Spanish cattle, and became one of the most powerful tribes in the Plateau cultural area.
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Welcomed the peaceful message of the Lewis and Clark expedition in 1805, but their homeland was soon overrun by unscrupulous traders who introduced diseases and alcohol, and American settlers who took tribal lands
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xxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxx Site of Lewis & Clark canoe construction on Clearwater River, near Dworshak Dam
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xxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxx Lapwai
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xxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxx Some Nez Perce sought out Christian missionnairies, but when they arrived they disrespected the Longhouse religion.
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xxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxx First school in Idaho.
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Nez Perce signed the 1855 Treaty of Walla Walla, which recognized their control over a 7.5 million acre reservation.
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With the discovery of gold in the Wallowa Valley of northeastern Oregon, the tribe was forced to negotiate an 1863 treaty that further diminished their reservation to 750,000 acres. Wallowa Valley
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