Abenakinh - Learning about the Abenaki the A Presentation by New Hampshire Historical Society Using Natural Resources Using Even in the harsh Even

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Unformatted text preview: Learning about the Abenaki the A Presentation by New Hampshire Historical Society Using Natural Resources Using Even in the harsh Even climate and rugged terrain of the region we now call New Hampshire… Hampshire… Using Natural Resources Using Native Americans Native lived very well on the resources around them — long before Europeans arrived. Europeans Using Natural Resources Using Based on what you see, what resources do you Based think might be available to the Abenaki? Fishing Fishing If you included hunting If and fishing, you were absolutely right. absolutely Here you see an Indian Here catching fish with the aid of a weir… aid …and spear. Fishing Fishing Native Americans Native fashioned other tools for fishing, too… for …like nets and like plummets, which were attached to fishing line to take it below the surface. surface. Fishing The Amoskeag Falls on the Merrimack River provided excellent fishing in spring and summer. excellent Hunting Hunting Animals of field and forest were Animals another natural resource for the Abenaki. Abenaki. Indian Hunting Camp Hunting Hunting Hunting and Hunting stalking were exhausting and challenging tasks. tasks. They required They great skill and strength. strength. Gathering Gathering While men hunted and While fished, women gathered the region’s resources… region’s Berries Nuts Herbs Tree saps Indian Sugar Camp Growing Growing In warmer regions, women also were responsible for growing crops… especially, corn, beans, and squash — together called “the three sisters.” Using Natural Resources Using The Abenaki were skillful at using their resources for The more than… more hunting and fishing and gathering and growing Shelter Shelter The forest resources of New The Hampshire yielded tree bark and saplings for both… and temporary conical wigwams temporary and and more permanent domeshaped wigwams Mortars and Pestles, made of wood or Food Preparation stone,… Food …were used to grind or pound nuts and grains. Food Preparation Food Originally, Indians carved bowls from stone — work that Originally, was performed by men. was When the Abenaki learned how to make clay pots, When women took over the task of making the vessels. Storage Storage These baskets in the These collections of the N.H. Historical Society show distinctive Abenaki design and use of natural resources… resources… birch bark and birch porcupine quills. porcupine Transportation Transportation New Hampshire’s New waterways were like highways to the Abenaki. They made They birch bark canoes for birch rivers and streams rivers and dugout canoes for and lake travel. lake And of course they And walked! walked! Using Natural Resources Using Basically, the Indians in Basically, New Hampshire were self-sufficient. self-sufficient. They used the woods They and waters of the region to fulfill their needs… to from tools… …to toys All of this was about to change! Contact Contact The arrival of European traders and The settlers in the 1600s brought many changes to the lives of Native Americans. changes What do you think were some of the What immediate changes? immediate Contact Contact Passaconaway, the great Passaconaway, Pennacook sagamore, encouraged cooperation with the European newcomers. newcomers. According to Native According American tradition, Indians had been foretold of the coming of white people. people. Contact Contact Extensive trade developed. Extensive What did each offer? What Indians could supply fish, furs, and forest products. products. Europeans could offer clothing, metal tools, and beads. beads. Contact Contact The Abenakis’ traditional way of The life was doomed. life There were several factors. • Wars between England and France • Increasing numbers of English settlers • Differing ideas about land ownership • Growing Abenaki dependence on European goods • And European diseases unknown to the Indians Abenakis Today Abenakis While the Abenaki way of life may have been doomed, the Abenaki themselves were not. Some still live among us today, and more live in Quebec where many emigrated in the 1700s. Abenakis Today Abenakis Some Native Americans are working to preserve the knowledge and skills of their ancestors. Splitting ash to make baskets, a traditional Abenaki activity, is still very much in evidence today among Abenaki craftsmen. © 2008 Christopher MacLeod for the 2008 New Hampshire Historical Society New ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2011 for the course EL ED 365 taught by Professor Brothermercier during the Fall '11 term at BYU.

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