To Kill a Mockingbird

To Kill a Mockingbird - To Kill a Mockingbird Mockingbird...

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Unformatted text preview: To Kill a Mockingbird Mockingbird By Harper Lee Setting Setting Maycomb, Alabama Maycomb, (fictional city) (fictional 1933-1935 Although slavery has Although long been abolished, the Southerners in Maycomb continue to believe in white supremacy. supremacy. Themes Themes Racial Prejudice Social Snobbery Morality Tolerance Patience Equality The Need for Compassion The Need for Conscience Symbolism Symbolism The Mockingbird: Symbolizes The Everything That is Good and Harmless in This World in The mockingbird only sings to please others The and therefore it is considered a sin to shoot a mockingbird. They are considered harmless creatures who give joy with their song. creatures The mockingbird image or symbol appears The four times in the novel. four Two characters in the novel symbolize the Two mockingbird: Tom Robinson & Boo Radley. mockingbird: Jean Louis Finch – “Scout” Jean The story’s narrator Although now an Although adult, Scout looks back at her childhood and tells of the momentous events and influential people of those years. of Scout is six when the Scout story begins. story She is naturally She curious about life. curious Scout’s Character Traits Scout’s Tomboy Impulsive Emotional Warm & Friendly Sensitive Adorable Gains in Maturity throughout the Novel Atticus Finch Atticus Father of Scout and Jem A widower An attorney by profession Highly respected Good citizen Instills good values and morals in Instills his children. his His children call him “Atticus” Honest Typical southern gentleman Brave Courteous Soft-spoken Jem Finch Jem Scout’s older brother Looks up to his father Atticus Usually looks out for Scout Typical older brother at times Smart Compassionate Matures as the story progresses Calpurnia Calpurnia The Finch’s black The housekeeper housekeeper Has watched the children Has since their mother’s death since Has been a positive Has influence on the children. influence Arthur “Boo” Radley Arthur An enigma An adult man, whose father has “sentenced” An him to a lifetime confinement to their house because of some mischief he got into when he was a teenager. was Has a reputation of being a lunatic Basically a harmless, well-meaning person Sometimes childlike in behavior Starving for love and affection Saves Jem and Scout from certain danger Tom Robinson Tom A young, harmless, young, innocent, hardworking black man black Has a crippled left hand Married with three Married children. Works on a farm belonging to Mr. Link Deas, a white man Link Will be falsely accused Will of raping a white girl, Mayella Ewell Mayella Dill Dill A close friend of Jem close and Scout and Usually lives in Usually Maycomb only during the summer (stays with a relative) with Tells “big stories” Has been deprived of Has love and affection love Two Poor White Families: Two The Cunninghams Poor white family Hard-working Honest Proud Survive on very little Always pay back their Always debts – even if it is with hickory nuts, turnips, or holly. turnips, The Ewells Poor white trash Dirty Lazy Good-for-nothing Never done a day’s Never work work Foul-mouthed Dishonest Immoral The Black Community The Simple Honest Clean Hard-working God fearing Proud Would never take Would anything with paying it back back Respectful Had stronger character Had than most of the whites than Oppressed Uneducated Discriminated against Talked about badly Deserve better than what Deserve is dished out to them by society society Language Language Sometimes the language of Scout will be that of her as a Sometimes child; other times, she will be speaking in the voice of an adult adult Atticus uses formal speech Calpurnia uses “white language” in the Finch house and Calpurnia switches to “black jargon” when amidst blacks switches The Ewells use foul words and obscenities Jem, Scout, and Dill will use slang words, typical of their Jem, age age Tom Robinson uses language typical of the southern Tom black such as “suh” for “sir” and “chillun” for “children” black Various derogatory terms for blacks will be used such as Various “nigger,” “darky,” “Negroes,” and “colored folk” – Lee uses such language to keep her novel naturally in sync with common language of the times with Tone Tone Somber Serious Humorous (at times) Harper Lee Harper She was born in 1926 in Monroeville, She Alabama (the fictional “Maycomb, Alabama”) Alabama”) Her father “Amasa” was a lawyer Her whom she deeply admired whom Her mother’s maiden name was Her “Finch” “Finch” Her own childhood mirrors that of the Her character “Scout” character In 1960 she published her only novel In – “To Kill a Mockingbird” “To It received the Pulitzer Prize for It Literature in 1961 Literature Since 1960, “To Kill a Mockingbird” Since has never been out of print has At age 81, she is alive and resides in At New York New She rarely makes public appearances She or gives interviews or Life During the 1930s Life Race Relations Nine black teenagers are Nine falsely charged with raping two white women in Scottsboro, Alabama; eight are convicted and sentenced to death to The U.S. Supreme Court The reverses their convictions because their constitutional rights had been violated rights The teens are tried for a The second time, and are again found guilty found The Supreme Court reverses The the convictions again the Eventually, four of the Eventually, defendants are freed; the other five serve prison terms other The last Scottsboro defendant The was paroled in 1950 was It was virtually impossible for a It black to receive a fair trial black Life During the 1930s Life The Great Depression sweeps The the nation – Many families do not even have money for basic needs such as food, clothing, and shelter. and The per capita income for The families in Alabama (and Oklahoma) is $125 - $250 a year Oklahoma) Many southern blacks pick Many cotton for a living cotton Franklin D. Roosevelt is Franklin President President Life During the 1930s Life Hitler is Chancellor of Germany He believes that Jews, African He Americans, and other races are inferior to Anglo-Saxons. to In 1936, Jesse Owens, a black American In athlete, traveled to Germany to participate in the Summer Olympics. participate Owens’ biggest competitor in the long Owens’ jump was a German named Luz Long. jump Despite racial tensions, the two became Despite good friends. Jesse Owens won the gold medal and Jesse Long won the silver. Long Long was later killed during World War II, Long and Jesse Owens traveled back to Germany to pay his respects when the war was over. war Legal Segregation in Alabama, 1923-1940 1923-1940 No white female nurses in No hospitals that treat black men hospitals Separate passenger cars for Separate whites and blacks whites Separate waiting rooms for Separate whites and blacks whites Separation of white and black Separation convicts convicts Separate schools No interracial marriages Segregated water fountains Segregated Segregated theatres Morphine: A Southern Lady’s Drug Morphine: 1930s Typical 1930s Morphine Addict: Morphine White female Middle-aged or older Widowed Homebound Lives in the south Property owner Began using morphine Began for medical reasons (pain relief) (pain In “To Kill a Mockingbird,” the In Finch children will become acquainted with a morphine addict named Mrs. Dubose. Although only a fictitious character, she personifies the American morphine addict of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. centuries. This PowerPoint was created by Mrs. Ward especially for th the 4 Hour English I t he students at Warner High School. School. I hope you enjoy the book! This powerpoint was kindly donated to is home to over a thousand powerpoints submitted by teachers. This is a completely free site and requires no registration. Please visit and I hope it will help in your teaching. ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/23/2011 for the course ENG 112 taught by Professor Davehoyt during the Fall '11 term at BYU.

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