dramalang

dramalang - Shakespeares Dramatic Language Rhetoric...

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Shakespeare’s Dramatic Language Rhetoric, Wordplay, Forms
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Shakespeare’s Language Source of pleasure or Obstacle to appreciation?
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Qualities of Shakespeare’s verse Density and richness Characters express thoughts through abundant, powerful images and metaphors Figurative language : pleases the mind and senses - expresses one idea in terms of another Connotative imagery : highly suggestive network of pictures and ideas resonating with other images, ideas, themes in play
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Macbeth There’s husbandry in heaven, Their candles are all out. Take thee that too. [ Gives him his belt and dagger. ] A heavy summons lies like lead upon me, And yet I would not sleep. (2.1.4-7)
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A reading Banquo speaks to his son Fleance Heaven = an economical household in which all sources of light are extinguished Powerful force (like lead) summons Banquo to sleep - but he cannot Lines have resonance: husbandry, candles, summons, lead Dagger appears in next few lines and later in the play
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Foreshadowing Banquo foreshadows the hallucinated dagger that appears in Macbeth’s soliloquy Also the actual dagger Macbeth carries away from the murder End of scene - ringing bell summons Macbeth to commit the murder Lead - heaviness, foreboding the shadows the early scenes
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Lady Macbeth Goes mad Fears the dark Carries a candle Darkness - moral darkness -evil - principal theme of the plays
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Early Modern English Technical difficulties for modern readers verbs with inflected endings hath, doth, goeth forms were in transition from medieval to modern pronoun problem - thee, thou, thy, thine familiar vs. . formal - thou and you Katherine and Petruchio
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Vocabulary Another stumbling block for modern readers Linguistic exuberance of the age Lyle’s Euphues: The Anatomy of Wit Shakespeare’s vocabulary: 29,000 words (twice that of the average Am.college student) Many of his words have since dropped/changed from common usage: bisson (blind), proper (handsome), cousin (kinsman), silly (innocent)
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Sentences Syntax - arrangement of words in sentence Influence of Latin grammar Move toward “simplicity” - Bacon > Orwell Shakespeare created stage pictures out of poetry - issues of verse and prosody iambic pentameter rhythm, emphasis characterization
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Let’s look at Hamlet The Ghost speaks: Sleeping within my orchard, My custom always of the afternoon, Upon my secure hour thy uncle stole, With juice of cursed hebona in a vial, And in the porches of my ears did pour The leprous distillment. (1.5.59-64)
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Dangling modifier - or suspension?
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dramalang - Shakespeares Dramatic Language Rhetoric...

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