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Traditional Marxism and crime and deviance

Traditional Marxism and crime and deviance - Traditional...

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Unformatted text preview: Traditional Marxism and crime and deviance crime Crime is a Crime product of poverty poverty Crime is Crime brought about by capitalism capitalism MANIPULATION OF VALUES VALUES Manipulation of the basic values and basic morality of a society morality Society is dominated Society dominated and controlled by those at the helm those Control is Control maintained via the socialisation process and threat threat MANIPULATION OF VALUES VALUES VALUES OF VALUES FREEDOM FREEDOM SELF-INTEREST COMPETITION LAW CREATION LAW Functionalists: law law reflects the will of the people people Marxists: law is a law reflection of the will of the powerful the As economic power As economic guarantees political and social power, the rich social the can manipulate the rest of us and pass laws that benefit them benefit They ‘set the agenda’ They ‘set LAW CREATION LAW Public Order and Criminal Public Justice Act (1994) Justice Takes away civil liberties Takes from the majority and limits the powers of the protest the Since 9/11, a raft of AntiTerror legislation has been Terror enacted, limiting freedoms we once took for granted. once Like the Prevention of Like Terrorism Act (designed to combat the IRA during the 1970s), it has been enforced against many others, criminalising people engaged in simple acts of protest. LAW ENFORCEMENT LAW ‘Street crime’ is more likely to be pursued by police than ‘white collar’ ‘white collar’ crime crime Intensified policing and punishment of poorer punishment individuals and communities communities The poor are filtered The filtered into the criminal justice system while the rich are filtered out filtered INDIVIDUAL MOTIVATION FOR CRIME FOR In capitalist societies the In cultural stress in on competition, not competition, cooperation, and the acquisition of wealth acquisition Desire for money can Desire lead those who are blocked off from legitimate chances of legitimate gaining wealth to turn to criminal methods criminal (anomie) (anomie) Greed is built into the capitalist system capitalist CRITICISMS CRITICISMS Left idealism Ignore the Ignore consequences for the consequences victims of street crime crime Street crime tends to Street be intra-class, not intra-class not inter-class inter-class CRITICISMS CRITICISMS Seems to suggest that the high Seems rate of recorded crime among the working class, youth and blacks is solely the outcome of biased policing biased At the same time they argue At the laws are biased against the working class, forcing them into crime them Not all laws are in the Not interests of the ruling-class only only CRITICISMS CRITICISMS On the one hand it On suggests that workingsuggests class people are simply class innocent people who are picked on by the police On the other hand it On suggests that working class people who engage in crime are really engaged in political political action by opposing the capitalist system capitalist This powerpoint was kindly donated to www.worldofteaching.com http://www.worldofteaching.com is home to over a thousand powerpoints submitted by teachers. This is a completely free site and requires no registration. Please visit and I hope it will help in your teaching. ...
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