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classicalgreece

classicalgreece - ClassicalGreece ClassicalPeriod...

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Classical Greece
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Classical Period 500-339 BC "Classical" means: Standard against which others are judged or  evaluated Greatest Enduring Stylistic form (music, art, etc) Stylistic period (e.g. after Baroque) Golden age of a civilization
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Classical Period or The Golden Age of Greece Centered in Athens Began  Revolt of Greeks in Ionia (coast of Asia) against the Persians  Eventual defeat of the Persians Battles of Thermopylae and Marathon Athens expansionism and colonization Delian League Peloponnesian War Between Athens and Sparta/Corinth Lasted 27 years and was won by Sparta/Corinth Pericles "Ideal" ruler of Athens Builder of Acropolis Used money from the Delian League for city improvements Is creativity adversely affected by war?
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Daily Life Population:300,000 Adult Males: 50,000 Women:   Not able to participate  in  government Protected by law Seemed to be "generic" Slaves:  Did menial work Foreigners
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Daily Life Greeks had few material possessions Houses were simple Food was simple Religion was important Common temple rituals Seeking favor of the gods Loyalty in worshiping gods of the  polis Belief in a single God was advocated by a few  (disloyal?)
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Drama Festivals of Dionysus (God of Wine) Playwrights submit 4 plays for competition Method of presentation Actors with masks Chorus Acoustics Reserved seats Dry seats Mechanics Themes Trojan war characters and their descendents Ethics from Heroic period
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Drama Tragedy Genre invented by Thespis (543 BC) The most common of the genr é s Of about 1000 written, only 31 remain – all by  Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides The change that occurs due to difficulty Not about a person dying Aristotle’s  Poetics
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