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Early Greek Science and  Philosophy This Powerpoint is hosted on www.worldofteaching.com Please visit for 100’s more free powerpoints
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Early Greece Greece and Greek Colonies Phoenicia, Carthage and Punic Colonies Rome and Roman Colonies
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Thales of Miletus 625 BC First Philosopher Used organized, formal arguments First Mathematician Used formal proof method Learned from Mesopotamians and Egyptians (who kept records only) First Scientist “All events, even extraordinary ones, can be explained in natural  terms which can be understood by humans.” Asked why things happened and then tried to find a rational answer “What is fundamental and does not change?” Assumed that an order existed Underlying principle or basic material is called  arch é   in Greek
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"In its early days philosophy included  science – which became known as 'natural  philosophy'.  Thales' thinking was scientific  because it could provide evidence for its  conclusions.  And it was philosophy  because it used reason to reach these  conclusions." –  Strathern, Paul,  Mendeleyev's Dream , New York:  Berkley Books, 2000, p.11.
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Thales The fundamental matter? Water (one materialist) Fossils on hilltop Presence in so many things Different forms (ice, liquid, steam)
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"We know from anecdotal evidence that Thales arrived at his  theory [that water is the fundamental material] after seeing  some seashell fossils high above the contemporary sea level.   But his speculations probably went deeper than this.  He must  have seen the mist rising from the Anatolian hills to become  clouds, and have observed the rain falling from clouds in  storms out over the Aegean.  Land becoming damp air, which  in turn became water.  Just a couple of miles north of Miletus, 
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