The French Revolution and Napoleon- Patterns of Civilization Vol 2 Unit Two

The French Revolution and Napoleon- Patterns of Civilization Vol 2 Unit Two

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Unformatted text preview: Unit Two The French Revolution and Napoleon I. The French Monarchy in Crisis 1789 to 1815 Economy What is meant by a countrys economy? What happens when a countrys economy is prospering? Define: Economy The production, distribution, and consumption of goods Economy Goods Production Distribution Consumption Products Making Something Who receives the products and how much they receive What kind of products are purchased Notes: Unit Two The French Revolution and Napoleon I. The French Monarchy in Crisis A. Overview of France: 1700s- richest, most powerful nation in Europe- strong army and navy- philosophers led the Enlightenment- influential in fashions, art and clothes- but was suffering a growing economic crises made difficult by the traditional political/social system B. The Old Regime (Anciem Regime) 1. Structure- Monarch has absolute power- centralized power in royal bureaucracy- work to preserve royal authority and social structure- people divided into three estates (classes)- first: clergy; second: nobility; third: commoners 2. Estates a. First Estate: Clergy- noble and common- higher clergy lived in luxury and criticized by parish priests- ran churches/schools- kept birth/death records- cared for the poor- collected the tithe (a tax on income)- church owned huge amounts of land and paid no tax b. Second Estate: Nobility- less than 2% of population- great wealth and privileges- exempt from most taxes- rich or poor, most defended traditional privileges- made peasants pay feudal taxes- sought to strengthen political power c. Third Estate: Commoners- 98% of population- included the bourgeoisie (middle class), peasants, city workers- bourgeoisie resented the privileges of first/second estates- believed in equality and social justice- called for tax reform- peasants better off than elsewhere but not by much- no serfdom but still had old feudal dues- had to do unpaid service for landlords/monarch- heavy taxes, church tithe, rents- city workers- suffered from inflation because food prices rose- resented privileges of first/second estates Images Section Review: page 26 2a . What groups made up each of the three estates in France? First Estate: higher clergy, who were also nobles; parish priests, who were commoners Second Estate: nobility Third Estate: commoners bourgeoisie (middle class), peasants, city workers 2b. What privileges did the First and Second Estates enjoy?...
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The French Revolution and Napoleon- Patterns of Civilization Vol 2 Unit Two

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