The French Revolution and Napoleon- Patterns of Civilization Vol 2 Unit Two

The French Revolution and Napoleon- Patterns of Civilization Vol 2 Unit Two

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Unit Two The French Revolution and Napoleon I. The French Monarchy in Crisis 1789 to 1815
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Economy What is meant by a country’s economy? What happens when a country’s economy  is prospering? Define: Economy The production, distribution, and  consumption of goods
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Economy Goods Production Distribution Consumption Products Making Something Who receives the  products and how  much they receive What kind of  products are  purchased
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Notes: Unit Two The French Revolution and Napoleon I. The French Monarchy in Crisis A. Overview of France: 1700’s - richest, most powerful nation in Europe - strong army and navy - philosophers led the Enlightenment - influential in fashions, art and clothes - but was suffering a growing economic crises made difficult by the traditional political/social system B. The Old Regime (Anciem Regime) 1. Structure - Monarch has absolute power - centralized power in royal ‘bureaucracy’ - work to preserve royal authority and social structure - people divided into three estates (classes) - first: clergy; second: nobility; third: commoners 2. Estates a. First Estate: Clergy - noble and common - higher clergy lived in luxury and criticized by parish priests - ran churches/schools - kept birth/death records - cared for the poor - collected the tithe (a tax on income) - church owned huge amounts of land and paid no tax b. Second Estate: Nobility - less than 2% of population - great wealth and privileges - exempt from most taxes - rich or poor, most defended traditional privileges - made peasants pay feudal taxes - sought to strengthen political power c. Third Estate: Commoners - 98% of population - included the bourgeoisie (middle class), peasants, city workers - bourgeoisie resented the privileges of first/second estates - believed in equality and social justice - called for tax reform - peasants better off than elsewhere but not by much - no serfdom but still had old feudal dues - had to do unpaid service for landlords/monarch - heavy taxes, church tithe, rents - city workers - suffered from inflation because food prices rose - resented privileges of first/second estates
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Section Review: page 26 2a . What groups made up each of the three estates in France? First Estate:  higher clergy, who were also nobles; parish priests, who were  commoners Second Estate:  nobility Third Estate:  commoners – bourgeoisie (middle class), peasants, city  workers 2b.  What privileges did the First and Second Estates enjoy?
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